Personality and physiological reactions to acute psychological stress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{e441883721ac46dcb08895afa0d89af0,
title = "Personality and physiological reactions to acute psychological stress",
abstract = "Stable personality traits have long been presumed to have biological substrates, although the evidence relating personality to biological stress reactivity is inconclusive. The present study examined, in a large middle aged cohort (N = 352), the relationship between key personality traits and both cortisol and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress. Salivary cortisol and cardiovascular activity were measured at rest and in response to a psychological stress protocol comprising 5 min each of a Stroop task, mirror tracing, and a speech task. Participants subsequently completed the Big Five Inventory to assess neuroticism, agreeableness, openness to experience, extraversion, and conscientiousness. Those with higher neuroticism scores exhibited smaller cortisol and cardiovascular stress reactions, whereas participants who were less agreeable and less open had smaller cortisol and cardiac reactions to stress. These associations remained statistically significant following adjustment for a range of potential confounding variables. Thus, a negative personality disposition would appear to be linked to diminished stress reactivity. These findings further support a growing body of evidence which suggests that blunted stress reactivity may be maladaptive.",
keywords = "Acute stress, Agreeableness, Cardiovascular activity, Cortisol, Neuroticism, Openness",
author = "Adam Bibbey and Douglas Carroll and TJ Roseboom and Anna Phillips and {De Rooij}, SR",
year = "2013",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2012.10.018",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "28--36",
journal = "International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality and physiological reactions to acute psychological stress

AU - Bibbey, Adam

AU - Carroll, Douglas

AU - Roseboom, TJ

AU - Phillips, Anna

AU - De Rooij, SR

PY - 2013/10

Y1 - 2013/10

N2 - Stable personality traits have long been presumed to have biological substrates, although the evidence relating personality to biological stress reactivity is inconclusive. The present study examined, in a large middle aged cohort (N = 352), the relationship between key personality traits and both cortisol and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress. Salivary cortisol and cardiovascular activity were measured at rest and in response to a psychological stress protocol comprising 5 min each of a Stroop task, mirror tracing, and a speech task. Participants subsequently completed the Big Five Inventory to assess neuroticism, agreeableness, openness to experience, extraversion, and conscientiousness. Those with higher neuroticism scores exhibited smaller cortisol and cardiovascular stress reactions, whereas participants who were less agreeable and less open had smaller cortisol and cardiac reactions to stress. These associations remained statistically significant following adjustment for a range of potential confounding variables. Thus, a negative personality disposition would appear to be linked to diminished stress reactivity. These findings further support a growing body of evidence which suggests that blunted stress reactivity may be maladaptive.

AB - Stable personality traits have long been presumed to have biological substrates, although the evidence relating personality to biological stress reactivity is inconclusive. The present study examined, in a large middle aged cohort (N = 352), the relationship between key personality traits and both cortisol and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress. Salivary cortisol and cardiovascular activity were measured at rest and in response to a psychological stress protocol comprising 5 min each of a Stroop task, mirror tracing, and a speech task. Participants subsequently completed the Big Five Inventory to assess neuroticism, agreeableness, openness to experience, extraversion, and conscientiousness. Those with higher neuroticism scores exhibited smaller cortisol and cardiovascular stress reactions, whereas participants who were less agreeable and less open had smaller cortisol and cardiac reactions to stress. These associations remained statistically significant following adjustment for a range of potential confounding variables. Thus, a negative personality disposition would appear to be linked to diminished stress reactivity. These findings further support a growing body of evidence which suggests that blunted stress reactivity may be maladaptive.

KW - Acute stress

KW - Agreeableness

KW - Cardiovascular activity

KW - Cortisol

KW - Neuroticism

KW - Openness

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2012.10.018

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2012.10.018

M3 - Article

C2 - 23147393

VL - 90

SP - 28

EP - 36

JO - International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

JF - International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

IS - 1

ER -