Personal theories of achievement motivation among African and white mainstream American athletes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes


Cross-cultural/ethnic research in sport psychology is important due to the widespread participation of ethnic minority groups in sport, particularly African Americans, and the immense impact culture/ethnicity have on people's perceptions. The purpose of this investigation was twofold: 1) to examine the relationship of race, gender, and ethnic identity on the goal orientations operating in sport, and 2) to determine the interdependencies between beliefs about the determinants of sport success and goal orientations among 116 white mainstream American and 55 African American high school track and field athletes. Race, gender and/or ethnic identity differences in goals were observed, The observed relationships between dispositional goal perspectives and beliefs were consistent with past work and the tenets of goal perspective theory.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-354
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2001


  • beliefs about success, goal orientations, race, ethnic identity, ego orientation, sport, adolescents, success, goals, psychology, beliefs