# Periodic intermediate $β$-expansions of Pisot numbers

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review

## Authors

## Colleges, School and Institutes

## Abstract

The subshift of finite type property (also known as the Markov property) is ubiquitous in dynamical systems and the simplest and most widely studied class of dynamical systems are $\beta$-shifts, namely transformations of the form $T_{\beta, \alpha} \colon x \mapsto \beta x + \alpha \bmod{1}$ acting on $[-\alpha/(\beta - 1), (1-\alpha)/(\beta - 1)]$, where $(\beta, \alpha) \in \Delta$ is fixed and where $\Delta = \{ (\beta, \alpha) \in \mathbb{R}^{2} \colon \beta \in (1,2) \; \text{and} \; 0 \leq \alpha \leq 2-\beta \}$. Recently, it was shown, by Li et al. (Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 147(5): 2045-2055, 2019), that the set of $(\beta, \alpha)$ such that $T_{\beta, \alpha}$ has the subshift of finite type property is dense in the parameter space $\Delta$. Here, they proposed the following question. Given a fixed $\beta \in (1, 2)$ which is the $n$-th root of a Perron number, does there exists a dense set of $\alpha$ in the fiber $\{\beta\} \times (0, 2- \beta)$, so that $T_{\beta, \alpha}$ has the subshift of finite type property? We answer this question in the positive for a class of Pisot numbers. Further, we investigate if this question holds true when replacing the subshift of finite type property by the property of beginning sofic (that is a factor of a subshift of finite). In doing so we generalise, a classical result of Schmidt (Bull. London Math. Soc., 12(4): 269-278, 1980) from the case when $\alpha = 0$ to the case when $\alpha \in (0, 2 - \beta)$. That is, we examine the structure of the set of eventually periodic points of $T_{\beta, \alpha}$ when $\beta$ is a Pisot number and when $\beta$ is the $n$-th root of a Pisot number.

## Bibliographic note

13 pages, 1 figure

## Details

Original language | Undefined/Unknown |
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Journal | Mathematics - Special Issue "Fractals: Geometry, Analysis and Mathematical Physics" |

Publication status | Published - 2020 |

## Keywords

- β-expansions; shifts of finite type; periodic points; iterated function systems, 37E05, 37B10, 11A67, 11R06