Performance evaluation of the hydrogen-powered prototype locomotive ‘Hydrogen Pioneer’

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Performance evaluation of the hydrogen-powered prototype locomotive ‘Hydrogen Pioneer’. / Hoffrichter, Andreas; Fisher, Peter; Tutcher, Jonathan; Hillmansen, Stuart; Roberts, Clive.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 250, 15.03.2014, p. 120-127.

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@article{fef87599d9244baba869e318e946c707,
title = "Performance evaluation of the hydrogen-powered prototype locomotive {\textquoteleft}Hydrogen Pioneer{\textquoteright}",
abstract = "The narrow-gauge locomotive {\textquoteleft}Hydrogen Pioneer{\textquoteright}, which was developed and constructed at the University of Birmingham, was employed to establish the performance of a hydrogen-hybrid railway traction vehicle. To achieve this several empirical tests were conducted. The locomotive utilises hydrogen gas in a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell power-plant to supply electricity to the traction motors or charge the on-board lead-acid batteries. First, the resistance to motion of the vehicle was determined, then operating tests were conducted for the speeds 2 km h−1, 6 km h−1, 7 km h−1, and 10 km h−1 on a 30 m straight, level alignment resembling light running. The power-plant and vehicle efficiency as well as the performance of the hybrid system were recorded. The observed overall duty cycle efficiency of the power-plant was from 28% to 40% and peak-power demand, such as during acceleration, was provided by the battery-pack, while average power during the duty cycle was met by the fuel cell stack, as designed. The tests establish the proof-of-concept for a hydrogen-hybrid railway traction vehicle and the results indicate that the traction system can be applied to full-scale locomotives.",
keywords = "Hybrid, Fuel cell, Rail, Vehicle efficiency, Hydrogen, Hydrail",
author = "Andreas Hoffrichter and Peter Fisher and Jonathan Tutcher and Stuart Hillmansen and Clive Roberts",
year = "2014",
month = mar,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.134",
language = "English",
volume = "250",
pages = "120--127",
journal = "Journal of Power Sources",
issn = "0378-7753",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance evaluation of the hydrogen-powered prototype locomotive ‘Hydrogen Pioneer’

AU - Hoffrichter, Andreas

AU - Fisher, Peter

AU - Tutcher, Jonathan

AU - Hillmansen, Stuart

AU - Roberts, Clive

PY - 2014/3/15

Y1 - 2014/3/15

N2 - The narrow-gauge locomotive ‘Hydrogen Pioneer’, which was developed and constructed at the University of Birmingham, was employed to establish the performance of a hydrogen-hybrid railway traction vehicle. To achieve this several empirical tests were conducted. The locomotive utilises hydrogen gas in a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell power-plant to supply electricity to the traction motors or charge the on-board lead-acid batteries. First, the resistance to motion of the vehicle was determined, then operating tests were conducted for the speeds 2 km h−1, 6 km h−1, 7 km h−1, and 10 km h−1 on a 30 m straight, level alignment resembling light running. The power-plant and vehicle efficiency as well as the performance of the hybrid system were recorded. The observed overall duty cycle efficiency of the power-plant was from 28% to 40% and peak-power demand, such as during acceleration, was provided by the battery-pack, while average power during the duty cycle was met by the fuel cell stack, as designed. The tests establish the proof-of-concept for a hydrogen-hybrid railway traction vehicle and the results indicate that the traction system can be applied to full-scale locomotives.

AB - The narrow-gauge locomotive ‘Hydrogen Pioneer’, which was developed and constructed at the University of Birmingham, was employed to establish the performance of a hydrogen-hybrid railway traction vehicle. To achieve this several empirical tests were conducted. The locomotive utilises hydrogen gas in a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell power-plant to supply electricity to the traction motors or charge the on-board lead-acid batteries. First, the resistance to motion of the vehicle was determined, then operating tests were conducted for the speeds 2 km h−1, 6 km h−1, 7 km h−1, and 10 km h−1 on a 30 m straight, level alignment resembling light running. The power-plant and vehicle efficiency as well as the performance of the hybrid system were recorded. The observed overall duty cycle efficiency of the power-plant was from 28% to 40% and peak-power demand, such as during acceleration, was provided by the battery-pack, while average power during the duty cycle was met by the fuel cell stack, as designed. The tests establish the proof-of-concept for a hydrogen-hybrid railway traction vehicle and the results indicate that the traction system can be applied to full-scale locomotives.

KW - Hybrid

KW - Fuel cell

KW - Rail

KW - Vehicle efficiency

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Hydrail

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84889001276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.134

DO - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.134

M3 - Article

VL - 250

SP - 120

EP - 127

JO - Journal of Power Sources

JF - Journal of Power Sources

SN - 0378-7753

ER -