Paul Samuelson, gender bias and discrimination

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Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Universite Cergy-Pontoise
  • CNRS


Paul Samuelson’s widely quoted deprecatory remarks about female economists are discussed in the context of his having been one of the earliest economists to emphasize the problem of gender and racial discrimination in his textbook. Reference is made both to his published analyses of discrimination, in his textbook and elsewhere, and to archival materials on his interactions with female economists including testimonials he wrote on their behalf. His attitudes appear paradoxical in that he emphasized the problem of discrimination and was very supportive of women but this did not lead him to challenge some of the attitudes he held about women in general.

Bibliographic note

Published version of discussion paper listed separately


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1053-1080
Number of pages28
JournalEuropean Journal of the History of Economic Thought
Issue number5
Early online date25 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2019


  • Samuelson, Gender, Women, Discrimination