Parietal substrates for dimensional effects in visual search: evidence from lesion-symptom mapping

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Department for General Psychology and Methodology, University of Bamberg, Markusplatz 3, 96047 Bamberg, Germany. sandra.utz@uni-bamberg.de

Abstract

In visual search, the detection of pop-out targets is facilitated when the target-defining dimension remains the same compared with when it changes across trials. We tested the brain regions necessary for these dimensional carry-over effects using a voxel-based morphometry study with brain-lesioned patients. Participants had to search for targets defined by either their colour (red or blue) or orientation (right- or left-tilted), and the target dimension either stayed the same or changed on consecutive trials. Twenty-five patients were categorized according to whether they showed an effect of dimensional change on search or not. The two groups did not differ with regard to their performance on several working memory tasks, and the dimensional carry-over effects were not correlated with working memory performance. With spatial, sustained attention and working memory deficits as well as lesion volume controlled, damage within the right inferior parietal lobule (the angular and supramarginal gyri) extending into the intraparietal sulcus was associated with an absence of dimensional carry-over (P < 0.001, cluster-level corrected for multiple comparisons). The data suggest that these regions of parietal cortex are necessary to implement attention shifting in the context of visual dimensional change.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-60
Number of pages10
JournalBrain
Volume136
Issue numberPt 3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Attention, Brain Injuries, Brain Mapping, Female, Humans, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Parietal Lobe, Space Perception, Young Adult, Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural