Paracetamol poisoning - impact of pack size restrictions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pack sizes of paracetamol available to the public were reduced by legislation in 1998. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of the legislation on paracetamol poisoning related admissions to an accident and emergency department and to a tertiary referral liver unit. METHOD: Data were obtained from the University Hospitals, Birmingham, UK (UHB) Trust Information Service and the Queen Elizabeth Hospital liver unit records on (a) the number of patients admitted to hospital because of paracetamol overdose and (b) the number of patients admitted to the liver unit with parcetamol-induced hepatotoxicity. RESULTS: Prior to legislation, an average of 360 people a year were admitted to UHB. However, following the change in legislation the number of admissions has fallen to an average of 250 people per year. This represents a reduction of 31%. Prior to legislation, an average of 76 people per year were admitted to the liver unit. Post-legislation this number has dropped to an average of 38 per year representing a reduction of 50%. CONCLUSION: Legislation restricting paracetamol pack-size reduced the incidence and severity of poisoning.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-310
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Volume28
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2003

Keywords

  • legislation, paracetamol poisoning