Outcome of fixed volume intracameral sodium hyaluronate 1.4% injection for early postoperative hypotony after Baerveldt glaucoma implant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

IMPORTANCE:
Using an ophthalmic viscoelastic device to manage early postoperative hypotony after Baerveldt glaucoma implant (BGI).

BACKGROUND:
To determine the outcome of intracameral sodium hyaluronate injection for early postoperative hypotony treatment after BGI.

DESIGN:
A retrospective study.

PARTICIPANTS:
One-hundred-and-thirty-eight patients (176 eyes) had BGI from January 2012 to November 2015. Those who had hypotony within 3 months postoperatively were studied.

METHODS:
Hypotonous eyes were injected with 0.1 mL sodium hyaluronate 1.4% intracameral on the slit-lamp. The patients were followed up weekly and the injection repeated up to 3 times if hypotony persisted. The tube was tied surgically as a last resort.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
The intraocular pressure and best-corrected visual acuity at week 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and month 4 were assessed.

RESULTS:
Thirty (17.0%) out of 176 eyes developed early postoperative hypotony. The median intraocular pressure and median best-corrected visual acuity when hypotony first presented were 3 mmHg and 0.8 logMAR. Two eyes were excluded as they had more than 0.1 mL injection. Eight (29%) of the 28 hypotonous eyes resolved after one injection, seven (25%) required two and 10 (36%) needed three injections. Three (11%) eyes had surgical tube tie. The median intraocular pressures were 5, 7, 8, 10, 11 and 13 mmHg at week 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and month 4 post-injection. The median best-corrected visual acuity were 0.60, 0.50, 0.50, 0.45, 0.40 and 0.40 logMAR for the same period.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:
Standardised intracameral 0.1 mL sodium hyaluronate 1.4% is an effective and safe way to manage early postoperative hypotony after BGI.

© 2018 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.

KEYWORDS:
Baerveldt tube; glaucoma; hypotony; intracameral injection; sodium hyaluronate

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1035-1040
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume46
Issue number9
Early online date22 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Baerveldt tube, glaucoma, hypotony, intracameral injection, sodium hyaluronate