Observation of Two-Dimensional Localized Jones-Roberts Solitons in Bose-Einstein Condensates

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Observation of Two-Dimensional Localized Jones-Roberts Solitons in Bose-Einstein Condensates. / Meyer, Nadine; Proud, Harry; Perea-Ortiz, Marisa; O'Neale, Charlotte; Baumert, M.; Holynski, M.; Kronjäger, Jochen; Barontini, Giovanni; Bongs, Kai.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 119, No. 15, 150403, 11.10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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@article{b2860b8a767445009359aef4fefa0818,
title = "Observation of Two-Dimensional Localized Jones-Roberts Solitons in Bose-Einstein Condensates",
abstract = "Jones-Roberts solitons are the only known class of stable dark solitonic solutions of the nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equation in two and three dimensions. They feature a distinctive elongated elliptical shape that allows them to travel without change of form. By imprinting a triangular phase pattern, we experimentally generate two-dimensional Jones-Roberts solitons in a three-dimensional atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. We monitor their dynamics, observing that this kind of soliton is indeed not affected by dynamic (snaking) or thermodynamic instabilities, that instead make other classes of dark solitons unstable in dimensions higher than one. Our results confirm the prediction that Jones-Roberts solitons are stable solutions of the nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equation and promote them for applications beyond matter wave physics, like energy and information transport in noisy and inhomogeneous environments.",
keywords = "cond-mat.quant-gas, nlin.PS",
author = "Nadine Meyer and Harry Proud and Marisa Perea-Ortiz and Charlotte O'Neale and M. Baumert and M. Holynski and Jochen Kronj{\"a}ger and Giovanni Barontini and Kai Bongs",
year = "2017",
month = oct
day = "11",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.150403",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
journal = "Phys. Rev. Lett.",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society (APS)",
number = "15",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Observation of Two-Dimensional Localized Jones-Roberts Solitons in Bose-Einstein Condensates

AU - Meyer, Nadine

AU - Proud, Harry

AU - Perea-Ortiz, Marisa

AU - O'Neale, Charlotte

AU - Baumert, M.

AU - Holynski, M.

AU - Kronjäger, Jochen

AU - Barontini, Giovanni

AU - Bongs, Kai

PY - 2017/10/11

Y1 - 2017/10/11

N2 - Jones-Roberts solitons are the only known class of stable dark solitonic solutions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in two and three dimensions. They feature a distinctive elongated elliptical shape that allows them to travel without change of form. By imprinting a triangular phase pattern, we experimentally generate two-dimensional Jones-Roberts solitons in a three-dimensional atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. We monitor their dynamics, observing that this kind of soliton is indeed not affected by dynamic (snaking) or thermodynamic instabilities, that instead make other classes of dark solitons unstable in dimensions higher than one. Our results confirm the prediction that Jones-Roberts solitons are stable solutions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation and promote them for applications beyond matter wave physics, like energy and information transport in noisy and inhomogeneous environments.

AB - Jones-Roberts solitons are the only known class of stable dark solitonic solutions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in two and three dimensions. They feature a distinctive elongated elliptical shape that allows them to travel without change of form. By imprinting a triangular phase pattern, we experimentally generate two-dimensional Jones-Roberts solitons in a three-dimensional atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. We monitor their dynamics, observing that this kind of soliton is indeed not affected by dynamic (snaking) or thermodynamic instabilities, that instead make other classes of dark solitons unstable in dimensions higher than one. Our results confirm the prediction that Jones-Roberts solitons are stable solutions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation and promote them for applications beyond matter wave physics, like energy and information transport in noisy and inhomogeneous environments.

KW - cond-mat.quant-gas

KW - nlin.PS

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.150403

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.150403

M3 - Article

C2 - 29077431

VL - 119

JO - Phys. Rev. Lett.

JF - Phys. Rev. Lett.

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 15

M1 - 150403

ER -