Observation of Two-Dimensional Localized Jones-Roberts Solitons in Bose-Einstein Condensates
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Colleges, School and Institutes
Jones-Roberts solitons are the only known class of stable dark solitonic solutions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in two and three dimensions. They feature a distinctive elongated elliptical shape that allows them to travel without change of form. By imprinting a triangular phase pattern, we experimentally generate two-dimensional Jones-Roberts solitons in a three-dimensional atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. We monitor their dynamics, observing that this kind of soliton is indeed not affected by dynamic (snaking) or thermodynamic instabilities, that instead make other classes of dark solitons unstable in dimensions higher than one. Our results confirm the prediction that Jones-Roberts solitons are stable solutions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation and promote them for applications beyond matter wave physics, like energy and information transport in noisy and inhomogeneous environments.
|Journal||Physical Review Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 11 Oct 2017|
- cond-mat.quant-gas, nlin.PS