Numerical simulation and analysis of axially restrained stainless steel beams in fire

Research output: Contribution to conference (unpublished)Paperpeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of West London
  • University of Southampton


This paper reports the results of a numerical investigation into the response of restrained stainless steel beams in fire, where in addition to the degradation of strength and stiffness at elevated temperatures, the influence of thermally induced stresses, are also included. The finite element (FE) programme ABAQUS has been used to model stainless steel welded I-section beams of different axial end restraint stiffness subjected to fire. The FE models are firstly validated against a selection of literature test data, and then used to perform parametric studies. The generated models capture the effects of restrained thermal deformations with a high degree of accuracy, and thereby allow the influence of frame continuity to be explicitly considered in design of stainless steel members in fire to quantify the required strength and ductility demands on connections for catenary action to develop. Comparisons with carbon steel beams demonstrate that while stainless steel beams show similar stages of behaviour in fire, they are capable of withstanding higher temperatures prior to the onset of catenary action, while developing similar levels of maximum tensile catenary force to carbon steel beams, despite the higher thermal expansion of the material.


Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2019 International Colloquium on Stability and Ductility of Steel Structures, SDSS 2019 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 11 Sep 201913 Sep 2019


Conference2019 International Colloquium on Stability and Ductility of Steel Structures, SDSS 2019
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic