Novel insights into bi-articular muscle actions gained from high-density EMG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Kohei Watanabe
  • Taian Martins Vieira
  • Alessio Gallina
  • Motoki Kouzaki
  • Toshio Moritani

Colleges, School and Institutes


Bi-articular muscles have traditionally been considered to exhibit homogeneous neuromuscular activation. The regional activation of bi-articular muscles, as revealed from high-density surface electromyograms, seems however to discredit this notion. We thus hypothesize the regional activation of bi-articular muscles may contribute to different actions about the joints they span. We then discuss the mechanistic basis and methodological implications underpinning our hypothesis.

Bibliographic note

Accepted manuscript published ahead of print on 22/04/2021. VoR not yet available as of 04/05/2021.


Original languageEnglish
JournalExercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 27 Jan 2021