Normal physical activity obliterates the deleterious effects of a high-caloric intake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Rikke Krogh-Madsen
  • Maria Pedersen
  • Sine Haugaard Knudsen
  • Louise Seier Hansen
  • Kristian Karstoft
  • Louise Lehrskov-Schmidt
  • Karin Kaereby Pedersen
  • Carsten Thomsen
  • Jens Juul Holst
  • Bente K Pedersen

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

A high-caloric intake combined with a sedentary lifestyle is an important player in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The present study was undertaken to examine if the level of physical activity has impact on the metabolic effects of a high-caloric (+2,000 kcal/day) intake. Therefore, healthy individuals on a high-caloric intake were randomized to either 10,000 or 1,500 steps/day for 14 days. Step number, total energy expenditure, dietary records, neuropsychological tests, maximal oxygen uptake (Vo2max), whole body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), and oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) with stable isotopes were performed before and after the intervention. Both study groups gained the same amount of body weight. However, the inactive group accumulated significantly more visceral fat compared with the active group. Following the 2-wk period, the inactive group also experienced a poorer glycemic control, increased endogenous glucose production, decreased hepatic insulin extraction, increased baseline plasma levels of total cholesterol and LDL, and a decreased cognitive function with regard to capacity of attention. In conclusion, we find evidence to support that habitual physical activity may prevent pathophysiological symptoms associated with diet-induced obesity.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume116
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescent, Adult, Blood Glucose, Body Composition, Energy Intake, Exercise Test, Humans, Intra-Abdominal Fat, Lipid Metabolism, Male, Motor Activity, Risk Reduction Behavior, Sedentary Lifestyle, Young Adult