NMR and molecular dynamics study of the size, shape, and composition of reverse micelles in a cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)/n-hexane/pentanol/water microemulsion

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Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The size, shape, and composition of reverse micelles (RMs) in a cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)/pentanol/n-hexane/water microemulsion were investigated using pulsed gradient stimulated echo (PGSTE) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements and molecular modeling. PGSTE data were collected at observation times (Δ) of 10, 40, and 450 ms. At long observation times, CTAB and pentanol exhibited single diffusion coefficients. However, at short (Δ ≤ 40 ms) observation times both CTAB and pentanol exhibited slow and fast diffusion coefficients. These NMR data indicate that both CTAB and pentanol molecules reside in different environments within the microemulsion and that there is exchange between regions on the millisecond time scale. Molecular dynamic simulations of the CTAB RM, in a solvent box containing n-hexane and pentanol, produced an ellipsoid shaped RM. Using structural parameters from these simulations and the Stokes-Einstein relation, the structure factor and dimensions of the reverse micelle were determined. Analysis of the composition of the interphase also showed that there was a variation in the ratio of surfactant to cosurfactant molecules depending on the curvature of the interphase.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10767-75
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B: Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces & Biophysical
Volume118
Issue number36
Early online date18 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2014