Nicotinamide and demographic and disease transitions: moderation is best

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Good health and rapid progress depend on an optimal dose of nicotinamide. Too little meat triggers the neurodegenerative condition pellagra and tolerance of symbionts such as tuberculosis (TB), risking dysbioses and impaired resistance to acute infections. Nicotinamide deficiency is an overlooked diagnosis in poor cereal-dependant economies masquerading as 'environmental enteropathy' or physical and cognitive stunting. Too much meat (and supplements) may precipitate immune intolerance and autoimmune and allergic disease, with relative infertility and longevity, via the tryptophan-nicotinamide pathway. This switch favours a dearth of regulatory T (Treg) and an excess of T helper cells. High nicotinamide intake is implicated in cancer and Parkinson's disease. Pro-fertility genes, evolved to counteract high-nicotinamide-induced infertility, may now be risk factors for degenerative disease. Moderation of the dose of nicotinamide could prevent some common diseases and personalised doses at times of stress or, depending on genetic background or age, may treat some other conditions.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Tryptophan Research
Volume12
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Tregs, pellagra, environmental enteropathy, TB, hypervitaminosis B3, immune intolerance, antagonistic pleiotropy, thrifty phenotype, disposable soma, cancer, Parkinson’s disease, Flynn effect, IQ, dementia