New approaches towards novel composite and multilayer membranes for intermediate temperature-polymer electrolyte fuel cells and direct methanol fuel cells

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul


This review analyses the current and existing literature on novel composite and multilayer membranes for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell applications, including intermediate temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell (IT-PEFC) and direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) systems. It provides a concise scrutiny of the vast body of literature available on organic and inorganic filler based polymer membranes and links it to the new emerging trend towards novel combinations of multilayered polymer membranes for applications in DMFC and IT-PEFC. The paper carefully explores the advantages and disadvantages of the most common preparation techniques reported for multilayered membranes such as hot-pressing, casting and dip-coating and also summarises various other fresh and unique techniques employed for multilayer membrane preparation.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-159
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Early online date4 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016


  • Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (IT-PEFC), multilayer membranes, DMFC, solution casting , hot pressing, dip coating