New activation mechanism for half-sandwich organometallic anticancer complexes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Samya Banerjee
  • Joan J. Soldevila-Barreda
  • Juliusz A. Wolny
  • Christopher A. Wootton
  • Abraha Habtemariam
  • Feng Chen
  • Guy J. Clarkson
  • Ivan Prokes
  • Lijiang Song
  • Peter B. O'connor
  • Volker Schünemann
  • Peter J. Sadler

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK

Abstract

The Cpx C–H protons in certain organometallic RhIII half-sandwich anticancer complexes [(h5-Cpx)Rh(N,N0)Cl]+, where Cpx ¼ Cp*, phenyl or biphenyl-Me4Cp, and N,N0 ¼ bipyridine, dimethylbipyridine, or phenanthroline, can undergo rapid sequential deuteration of all 15 Cp* methyl protons in aqueous media at ambient temperature. DFT calculations suggest a mechanism involving abstraction of a Cp* proton by the Rh–hydroxido complex, followed by sequential H/D exchange, with the Cp* rings behaving like dynamic
molecular ‘twisters’. The calculations reveal the crucial role of pp orbitals of N,N0-chelated ligands in stabilizing deprotonated Cpx ligands, and also the accessibility of RhI–fulvene intermediates. They also provide insight into why biologically-inactive complexes such as [(Cp*)RhIII(en)Cl]+ and[(Cp*)IrIII(bpy)Cl]+ do not have activated Cp* rings. The thiol tripeptide glutathione (g-L-Glu-L-Cys-Gly, GSH) and the activated dienophile N-methylmaleimide, (NMM) did not undergo addition reactions with the proposed RhI–fulvene, although they were able to control the extent of Cp* deuteration. We readily trapped and characterized RhI–fulvene intermediates by Diels–Alder [4+2] cyclo-addition reactions with the natural biological dienes isoprene and conjugated (9Z,11E)-linoleic acid in aqueous media, including cell culture medium, the first
report of a Diels–Alder reaction of a metal-bound fulvene in aqueous solution. These findings will introduce new concepts into the design of organometallic Cp* anticancer complexes with novel mechanisms of action.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3177-3185
JournalChemical Science
Volume9
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018