Networking responses to different levels of institutional void: a comparison of internationalizing SMEs in Egypt and the UK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


External organisations

  • Coventry University


This paper reports a comparative qualitative study of how decision-makers in internationalizing SMEs respond to relevant institutions in their domestic environment through networking activity. Twenty SMEs are compared respectively from a developing economy (Egypt) and a developed economy (UK). The two countries contrast both in the effectiveness of their institutional support for SMEs and in their cultural norms towards network relationships. Substantial differences are found between the two national samples in SME decision makers’ networking behaviour in response to specific institutional conditions. The links between institutional conditions, national cultural norms and SME networking responses are explicated in a new theoretical model.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-696
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Business Review
Issue number4
Early online date2 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Institutional voids, Level of economic development, Networks, SME, nternationalisation, Emerging economies