Narrowing the uncertainties in the effects of elevated CO2 on crops

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Andrea Toreti
  • Delphine Deryng
  • Francesco Tubiello
  • Christoph Müller
  • Bruce Kimball
  • Gerald Moser
  • Kenneth Boote
  • Senthold Asseng
  • Eline Vanuytrecht
  • Hakan Pleijel
  • Heidi Webber
  • Jean-Louis Durand
  • Frank Dentener
  • Andrej Ceglar
  • Xuhui Wang
  • Franz Badeck
  • Remi Lecerf
  • Gerald Wall
  • Maurits van den Berg
  • Petra Hoegy
  • Raul Lopez-Lozano
  • Matteo Zampieri
  • Stefano Galmarini
  • Garry O'Leary
  • Remy Manderscheid
  • Erik Mencos Contreras
  • Cynthia Rosenzweig

Colleges, School and Institutes


Plant responses to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations, together with projected variations in temperature and precipitation will determine future agricultural production. Estimates of the impacts of climate change on agriculture provide essential information to design effective adaptation strategies, and develop sustainable food systems. Here, we review the current experimental evidence and crop models on the effects of elevated CO2 concentrations. Recent concerted efforts have narrowed the uncertainties in CO2-induced crop responses so that climate change impact simulations omitting CO2 can now be eliminated. To address remaining knowledge gaps and uncertainties in estimating the effects of elevated CO2 and climate change on crops, future research should expand experiments on more crop species under a wider range of growing conditions, improve the representation of responses to climate extremes in crop models, and simulate additional crop physiological processes related to nutritional quality.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775–782
JournalNature Food
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2020