Nanomaterials in the enviornment: fate, behaviour, bioavailability and effects

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • SJ Klaine
  • PJJ Alvarez
  • GE Batley
  • TF Fernandes
  • RD Handy
  • D Lyon
  • S Mahendra
  • J Laughlin

Abstract

The recent advances in nanotechnology and the corresponding increase in the use of nanomaterials in products in every sector of society have resulted in uncertainties regarding environmental impacts. The objectives of this review are to introduce the key aspects pertaining to nanomaterials in the environment and to discuss what is known concerning their fate, behavior, disposition, and toxicity, with a particular focus on those that make up manufactured nanomaterials. This review critiques existing nanomaterial research in freshwater, marine, and soil environments. It illustrates the paucity of existing research and demonstrates the need for additional research. Environmental scientists are encouraged to base this research on existing studies on colloidal behavior and toxicology. The need for standard reference and testing materials as well as methodology for suspension preparation and testing is also discussed.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1825-1851
Number of pages27
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Volume27
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008

Keywords

  • ecotoxicity, colloids, ecological risk, plant uptake, nanoparticles