Myocardial characterization in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease: a study of prevalence, patterns and outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Ravi Vijapurapu
  • Saad A Fyyaz
  • Charles J Ferro
  • Richard P Steeds

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Department of Cardiology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) characterizes myocardial disease and predicts an adverse cardiovascular (CV) prognosis. Myocardial abnormalities, are present in early chronic kidney disease (CKD). To date there are no data defining prevalence, pattern and clinical implications of LGE-CMR in CKD.

METHODS: Patients with pre-dialysis CKD (stage 2-5) attending specialist renal clinics at University Hospital Birmingham (UK) who underwent gadolinium enhanced CMR (1.5 T) between 2005 and 2017 were included. The patterns and presence (LGEpos) / absence (LGEneg) of LGE were assessed by two blinded observers. Association between LGE and CV outcomes were assessed.

RESULTS: In total, 159 patients received gadolinium (male 61%, mean age 55 years, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 69%, left ventricular hypertrophy 5%) with a median follow up period of 3.8 years [1.04-11.59]. LGEpos was present in 55 (34%) subjects; the patterns were: right ventricular insertion point n = 28 (51%), mid wall n = 18 (33%), sub-endocardial n = 5 (9%) and sub-epicardial n = 4 (7%). There were no differences in left ventricular structural or functional parameters with LGEpos. There were 12 adverse CV outcomes over follow up; 7 of 55 with LGEpos and 5 of 104 LGEneg. LGEpos was not predicted by age, gender, glomerular filtration rate or electrocardiographic abnormalities.

CONCLUSIONS: In a selected cohort of subjects with moderate CKD but low CV risk, LGE was present in approximately a third of patients. LGE was not associated with adverse CV outcomes. Further studies in high risk CKD cohorts are required to assess the role of LGE with multiplicative risk factors.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number295
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Cardiac magnetic resonance, Gadolinium, Chronic kidney disease, Fibrosis