Mutational and transcriptional analysis of the Campylobacter jejuni flagellar biosynthesis gene flhB

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Colleges, School and Institutes


A Campylobacter jejuni gene encoding a homologue of the flagellar biosynthesis gene flhB was identified downstream of the peroxide stress defence gene ahpC. Insertional mutagenesis of the flhB gene rendered C. jejuni non-motile, with most cells aflagellate, although a small number expressed truncated flagella. The absence of FlhB also appeared to affect cell shape, as the majority of cells were straight rather than curved rods. Transcription of the flagellin gene flaA was significantly reduced in the C jejuni flhB mutants, which also did not express significant amounts of flagellin proteins, indicating that FlhB is an essential protein for subsequent expression of flagellar genes. The transcription start site of the flhB gene, as determined by primer extension, was located 91 bp upstream of the flhB start codon, but no recognizable promoter sequence could be identified immediately upstream of this transcription start site. Transcriptional flhB::IacZ reporter gene fusions confirmed that the flhB gene has its own promoter region, is expressed at very low levels and is transcribed independently of ahpC, and that its transcription is not regulated by iron or growth phase.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1679-1685
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2002


  • motility, Campylobacter, transcription