Multiple perpetrator rape: A critical review of existing explanatory theories

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  • Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada


Although multiple perpetrator rape is a relatively under-researched area, a few authors have proposed theories to try to explain this complex phenomenon. The majority of these theories only examined some factors that are believed to play a part in multiple perpetrator rape (e.g., socio-cultural factors and group processes). The most recent and comprehensive model proposed is the Multi-Factorial Theory of Multiple Perpetrator Sexual Offending. This article critically examines this theory and the factors and processes that are suggested as contributing to multiple perpetrator rape (i.e., individual, socio-cultural and situational factors including the interactions between them). Some evidence is found to support this model although further research is needed to fully test it.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-158
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Early online date5 Aug 2015
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015


  • Multiple perpetrator rape, Gang rape, Group rape, Explanatory theories