Multimodal Indexicality in Korean: "Doing Deference" and "Performing Intimacy" through Nonverbal Behavior

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Multimodal Indexicality in Korean : "Doing Deference" and "Performing Intimacy" through Nonverbal Behavior. / Brown, Lucien; Winter, Bodo.

In: Journal of Politeness Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, 04.02.2019, p. 25-54.

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@article{fd3f82e9f34748309181586a530c77d4,
title = "Multimodal Indexicality in Korean: {"}Doing Deference{"} and {"}Performing Intimacy{"} through Nonverbal Behavior",
abstract = "This study investigates the nonverbal behaviors used in two interconnected relational practices in Korean: “doing deference” towards status superiors and “performing intimacy” towards status equals. We extracted 154 interactions from Korean televised dramas that represented these two relational practices, and annotated the data for various nonverbal behaviors, including body position and orientation, facial expressions, manual gestures, and touching. Our analyses showed that the protagonists in the dramas altered their nonverbal behavior between the two relational practices according to all of the categories that we annotated. Doing deference featured erect but constrained body positions, direct bodily orientation towards the status superior, and suppression of gestures and touching. These behaviors display decreased animatedness and freedom, as well as increased effort, and increased submissiveness. In contrast, performing intimacy displayed more relaxed and reciprocal body positioning, as well as frequent gestures and touching behaviors. The results call into question analyses of politeness phenomena that solely focus on verbal elements in previous descriptions of Korean deference. Ultimately, our results demonstrate the need for more multimodal studies in politeness research.",
keywords = "politeness, gesture, power, dominance, body language, nonverbal behavior, Korean, honorifics, formality, pragmatics",
author = "Lucien Brown and Bodo Winter",
year = "2019",
month = feb,
day = "4",
doi = "10.1515/pr-2016-0042",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "25--54",
journal = "Journal of Politeness Research",
issn = "1612-5681",
publisher = "De Gruyter",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multimodal Indexicality in Korean

T2 - "Doing Deference" and "Performing Intimacy" through Nonverbal Behavior

AU - Brown, Lucien

AU - Winter, Bodo

PY - 2019/2/4

Y1 - 2019/2/4

N2 - This study investigates the nonverbal behaviors used in two interconnected relational practices in Korean: “doing deference” towards status superiors and “performing intimacy” towards status equals. We extracted 154 interactions from Korean televised dramas that represented these two relational practices, and annotated the data for various nonverbal behaviors, including body position and orientation, facial expressions, manual gestures, and touching. Our analyses showed that the protagonists in the dramas altered their nonverbal behavior between the two relational practices according to all of the categories that we annotated. Doing deference featured erect but constrained body positions, direct bodily orientation towards the status superior, and suppression of gestures and touching. These behaviors display decreased animatedness and freedom, as well as increased effort, and increased submissiveness. In contrast, performing intimacy displayed more relaxed and reciprocal body positioning, as well as frequent gestures and touching behaviors. The results call into question analyses of politeness phenomena that solely focus on verbal elements in previous descriptions of Korean deference. Ultimately, our results demonstrate the need for more multimodal studies in politeness research.

AB - This study investigates the nonverbal behaviors used in two interconnected relational practices in Korean: “doing deference” towards status superiors and “performing intimacy” towards status equals. We extracted 154 interactions from Korean televised dramas that represented these two relational practices, and annotated the data for various nonverbal behaviors, including body position and orientation, facial expressions, manual gestures, and touching. Our analyses showed that the protagonists in the dramas altered their nonverbal behavior between the two relational practices according to all of the categories that we annotated. Doing deference featured erect but constrained body positions, direct bodily orientation towards the status superior, and suppression of gestures and touching. These behaviors display decreased animatedness and freedom, as well as increased effort, and increased submissiveness. In contrast, performing intimacy displayed more relaxed and reciprocal body positioning, as well as frequent gestures and touching behaviors. The results call into question analyses of politeness phenomena that solely focus on verbal elements in previous descriptions of Korean deference. Ultimately, our results demonstrate the need for more multimodal studies in politeness research.

KW - politeness

KW - gesture

KW - power

KW - dominance

KW - body language

KW - nonverbal behavior

KW - Korean

KW - honorifics

KW - formality

KW - pragmatics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058810914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1515/pr-2016-0042

DO - 10.1515/pr-2016-0042

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 25

EP - 54

JO - Journal of Politeness Research

JF - Journal of Politeness Research

SN - 1612-5681

IS - 1

ER -