Motion Planning and Control of an Omnidirectional Mobile Robot in Dynamic Environments

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Motion control in dynamic environments is one of the most important problems in using mobile robots in collaboration with humans and other robots. In this paper, the motion control of a four-Mecanum-wheeled omnidirectional mobile robot (OMR) in dynamic environments is studied. The robot’s differential equations of motion are extracted using Kane’s method and converted to discrete state space form. A nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) strategy is designed based on the derived mathematical model to stabilize the robot in desired positions and orientations. As a main contribution of this work, the velocity obstacles (VO) approach is reformulated to be introduced in the NMPC system to avoid the robot from collision with moving and fixed obstacles online. Considering the robot’s physical restrictions, the parameters and functions used in the designed control system and collision avoidance strategy are determined through stability and performance analysis and some criteria are established for calculating the best values of these parameters. The effectiveness of the proposed controller and collision avoidance strategy is evaluated through a series of computer simulations. The simulation results show that the proposed strategy is efficient in stabilizing the robot in the desired configuration and in avoiding collision with obstacles, even in narrow spaces and with complicated arrangements of obstacles.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number48
JournalRobotics
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • omnidirectional mobile robot, Kane’s dynamics, model predictive control, velocity obstacles, obstacle avoidance