Moss and peat hydraulic properties are optimized to maximize peatland water use efficiency

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • K. J. Devito
  • R. M. Petrone
  • C. A. Mendoza
  • J. M. Waddington

External organisations

  • University of Alberta
  • Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo
  • McMaster University

Abstract

Peatland ecosystems are globally important carbon and terrestrial surface water stores that have formed over millennia. These ecosystems have likely optimized their ecohydrological function over the long-term development of their soil hydraulic properties. The optimization of peat hydraulic properties is examined to determine which of the following conditions peatland ecosystems target during this development: (i) maximize carbon accumulation, (ii) maximize water storage, or (iii) balance carbon profit across hydrological disturbances. To identify this control, the short-term hydrological response of a 0.5-m-deep peat profile was simulated during a 50-day rain-free period. A total of 5000 Monte-Carlo model realizations were conducted, with peat hydraulic properties differing between each realization (values derived from known probability distributions). Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) and empirical van Genuchten water retention parameter α were shown to provide a first order control on simulated water tensions. For hypothetical combinations of Ks and α, the probability that water tension exceeds the ecologically important threshold of 100 mb within 24h showed a bimodal distribution. A peak at high probabilities was associated with profiles of high Ks and low α. Such a profile is optimized for water storage. A peak at low probabilities is associated with low Ks, high α, and is optimized for carbon accumulation. Actual hydraulic properties from five northern peatlands fall between this binominal distribution, balancing the competing demands of carbon accumulation and water storage. We argue that peat hydraulic properties are thus optimized to maximize water use efficiency and that this optimization occurs over a centennial to millennial timescale.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1051
JournalEcohydrology
Volume9
Issue number6
Early online date29 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Hydrus 1-D, Monte Carlo, Optimality, Peatlands, Sphagnum mosses, Uncertainty, Unsaturated hydrology, Vadose zone