Moral distress and austerity: an avoidable ethical challenge in healthcare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Bristol

Abstract

Austerity, by its very nature, imposes constraints by limiting the options for action available to us because certain courses of action are too costly or insufficiently cost effective. In the context of healthcare, the constraints imposed by austerity come in various forms; ranging from the availability of certain treatments being reduced or withdrawn completely, to reductions in staffing that mean healthcare professionals must ration the time they make available to each patient. As austerity has taken hold, across the United Kingdom and Europe, it is important to consider the wider effects of the constraints that it imposes in healthcare. Within this paper, we focus specifically on one theorised effect—moral distress. We differentiate between avoidable and unavoidable ethical challenges within healthcare and argue that austerity creates additional avoidable ethical problems that exacerbate clinicians’ moral distress. We suggest that moral resilience is a suitable response to clinician moral distress caused by unavoidable ethical challenges but additional responses are required to address those that are created due to austerity. We encourage clinicians to engage in critical resilience and activism to address problems created by austerity and we highlight the responsibility of institutions to support healthcare professionals in such challenging times.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-201
JournalHealth Care Analysis
Volume27
Issue number3
Early online date17 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • austerity, moral distress, bioethics, nursing, phenomenology, empirical bioethics, feminist empirical bioethics, resilience, moral resilience, critical resilience