Monitoring changes in thioredoxin and over-oxidised peroxiredoxin in response to exercise in humans

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Monitoring changes in thioredoxin and over-oxidised peroxiredoxin in response to exercise in humans. / Wadley, Alex; Aldred, Sarah; Fisher, James; Lip, Gregory; Bennett, Stuart; Turner, James.

In: Free Radical Research, Vol. 49, No. 3, 20.05.2015, p. 290-298.

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@article{ceeb842d96b541a591b6d9ba3e3f40fa,
title = "Monitoring changes in thioredoxin and over-oxidised peroxiredoxin in response to exercise in humans",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Peroxiredoxin (PRDX) and thioredoxin (TRX) are antioxidant proteins that control cellular signalling and redox balance, although their response to exercise is unknown. This study aimed to assess key aspects of the PRDX-TRX redox cycle in response to three different modes of exercise.METHODS: Healthy males (n = 10, mean ± SD: 22 ± 3 yrs) undertook three exercise trials on separate days: two steady-state cycling trials at moderate (60% [Formula: see text]O2MAX; 27 min, MOD) and high (80% [Formula: see text]O2MAX; 20 min, HIGH) intensities, and a low-volume high-intensity interval training trial (10 × 1 min 90% [Formula: see text]O2MAX, LV-HIIT). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were assessed for TRX-1 and over-oxidised PRDX (isoforms I-IV) protein expression before, during, and 30 min following exercise (post + 30). The activities of TRX reductase (TRX-R) and the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 subunit were also assessed.RESULTS:TRX-1 increased during exercise in all trials (MOD, + 84.5%; HIGH, + 64.1%; LV-HIIT, + 205.7%; p < 05), whereas over-oxidised PRDX increased during HIGH only (MOD, - 28.7%; HIGH, + 202.9%; LV-HIIT, - 22.7%; p < .05). TRX-R and NF-κB p65 activity increased during exercise in all trials, with the greatest response in TRX-R activity seen in HIGH (p < 0.05).DISCUSSION: All trials stimulated a transient increase in TRX-1 protein expression during exercise. Only HIGH induced a transient over-oxidation of PRDX, alongside the greatest change in TRX-R activity. Future studies are needed to clarify the significance of heightened peroxide exposure during continuous high-intensity exercise and the mechanisms of PRDX-regulatory control.",
keywords = "Redox status, Antioxidant, Cytokines, exercise, inflammation",
author = "Alex Wadley and Sarah Aldred and James Fisher and Gregory Lip and Stuart Bennett and James Turner",
year = "2015",
month = may,
day = "20",
doi = "10.3109/10715762.2014.1000890",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "290--298",
journal = "Free Radical Research",
issn = "1071-5762",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Monitoring changes in thioredoxin and over-oxidised peroxiredoxin in response to exercise in humans

AU - Wadley, Alex

AU - Aldred, Sarah

AU - Fisher, James

AU - Lip, Gregory

AU - Bennett, Stuart

AU - Turner, James

PY - 2015/5/20

Y1 - 2015/5/20

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Peroxiredoxin (PRDX) and thioredoxin (TRX) are antioxidant proteins that control cellular signalling and redox balance, although their response to exercise is unknown. This study aimed to assess key aspects of the PRDX-TRX redox cycle in response to three different modes of exercise.METHODS: Healthy males (n = 10, mean ± SD: 22 ± 3 yrs) undertook three exercise trials on separate days: two steady-state cycling trials at moderate (60% [Formula: see text]O2MAX; 27 min, MOD) and high (80% [Formula: see text]O2MAX; 20 min, HIGH) intensities, and a low-volume high-intensity interval training trial (10 × 1 min 90% [Formula: see text]O2MAX, LV-HIIT). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were assessed for TRX-1 and over-oxidised PRDX (isoforms I-IV) protein expression before, during, and 30 min following exercise (post + 30). The activities of TRX reductase (TRX-R) and the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 subunit were also assessed.RESULTS:TRX-1 increased during exercise in all trials (MOD, + 84.5%; HIGH, + 64.1%; LV-HIIT, + 205.7%; p < 05), whereas over-oxidised PRDX increased during HIGH only (MOD, - 28.7%; HIGH, + 202.9%; LV-HIIT, - 22.7%; p < .05). TRX-R and NF-κB p65 activity increased during exercise in all trials, with the greatest response in TRX-R activity seen in HIGH (p < 0.05).DISCUSSION: All trials stimulated a transient increase in TRX-1 protein expression during exercise. Only HIGH induced a transient over-oxidation of PRDX, alongside the greatest change in TRX-R activity. Future studies are needed to clarify the significance of heightened peroxide exposure during continuous high-intensity exercise and the mechanisms of PRDX-regulatory control.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Peroxiredoxin (PRDX) and thioredoxin (TRX) are antioxidant proteins that control cellular signalling and redox balance, although their response to exercise is unknown. This study aimed to assess key aspects of the PRDX-TRX redox cycle in response to three different modes of exercise.METHODS: Healthy males (n = 10, mean ± SD: 22 ± 3 yrs) undertook three exercise trials on separate days: two steady-state cycling trials at moderate (60% [Formula: see text]O2MAX; 27 min, MOD) and high (80% [Formula: see text]O2MAX; 20 min, HIGH) intensities, and a low-volume high-intensity interval training trial (10 × 1 min 90% [Formula: see text]O2MAX, LV-HIIT). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were assessed for TRX-1 and over-oxidised PRDX (isoforms I-IV) protein expression before, during, and 30 min following exercise (post + 30). The activities of TRX reductase (TRX-R) and the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 subunit were also assessed.RESULTS:TRX-1 increased during exercise in all trials (MOD, + 84.5%; HIGH, + 64.1%; LV-HIIT, + 205.7%; p < 05), whereas over-oxidised PRDX increased during HIGH only (MOD, - 28.7%; HIGH, + 202.9%; LV-HIIT, - 22.7%; p < .05). TRX-R and NF-κB p65 activity increased during exercise in all trials, with the greatest response in TRX-R activity seen in HIGH (p < 0.05).DISCUSSION: All trials stimulated a transient increase in TRX-1 protein expression during exercise. Only HIGH induced a transient over-oxidation of PRDX, alongside the greatest change in TRX-R activity. Future studies are needed to clarify the significance of heightened peroxide exposure during continuous high-intensity exercise and the mechanisms of PRDX-regulatory control.

KW - Redox status

KW - Antioxidant

KW - Cytokines

KW - exercise

KW - inflammation

U2 - 10.3109/10715762.2014.1000890

DO - 10.3109/10715762.2014.1000890

M3 - Article

C2 - 25547896

VL - 49

SP - 290

EP - 298

JO - Free Radical Research

JF - Free Radical Research

SN - 1071-5762

IS - 3

ER -