Molecular characterization of young and mature odontoblasts

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The odontoblast is the secretory cell responsible for primary, secondary and tertiary reactionary dentinogenesis. We provide evidence that the changes in secretory activity of odontoblasts reflect differential transcriptional control and that common regulatory processes may exist between dentine and bone. Introduction: Based on the hypothesis that differential dentine secretion (primary and secondary dentinogenesis) is associated with changes in the transcriptional control within the cell, we have investigated the transcriptome of odontoblasts at young and mature stages and subsequently used this information to identify key regulatory intracellular pathways involved in this process. Materials and methods: We used microarray analysis to compare the transcriptome of early stage (primary dentinogenesis) and late stage (secondary dentinogenesis) odontoblasts from 30 month old bovine teeth. Secondarily, we used post-array sqRT-PCR to confirm the differential expression of 23 genes in both populations of odontoblasts. Finally, immunohistochemistry was performed on bovine and murine tissues with antibodies to DMP1 and anti-phospho p38 proteins. Results: DMP-1 and osteocalcin gene expression were up-regulated in the mature odontoblasts, whereas collagen 1, DSPP, TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 1R gene expression were down-regulated. Microarray analysis highlighted 574 differentially regulated genes (fold change>2 - p

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-703
Number of pages11
JournalBone
Volume45
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2009

Keywords

  • Osteoblast, Osteocyte, Odontoblast, Dentinogenesis, Genes regulation, Transcriptome