Molecular and kinetic comparison of the novel extended-spectrum beta-lactamases CTX-M-25 adn CTX-M-26
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Colleges, School and Institutes
CTX-M-25 is a novel extended-spectrum beta-lactamase isolated from a single Canadian Escherichia coli isolate. Susceptibility testing demonstrated that this enzyme confers resistance to both cefotaxime and ceftazidime, but the level of resistance was reduced with the addition of beta-lactamase inhibitors. The bla(CTX-M-25) gene was detected on a 111-kb plasmid. It is a member of the CTX-M-8 group and has the closest amino acid identity (99%; three amino acid substitutions) with CTX-M-26. The bla(CTX-M-26) gene was detected on a 100-kb plasmid isolated from a Klebsiella pneumoniae strain from the United Kingdom, and plasmid profiling revealed that it showed some homology to the bla(CTX-M-25)-harboring plasmid. Both CTX-M genes were located downstream of ISEcp1, although the copy upstream of bla(CTX-M-25) was disrupted by IS50-A. Comparative kinetic studies of recombinant CTX-M-25 and CTX-M-26 enzymes showed that CTX-M-25 has a higher level of ceftazidime hydrolysis (kcat values, 33 and 0.005 s(-1) for CTX-M-25 and CTX-M-26, respectively).
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2004|