Modernization and the gender gap in religiosity: Evidence from cross-national European surveys

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Modernization and the gender gap in religiosity : Evidence from cross-national European surveys. / Voas, David; McAndrew, Siobhan; Storm, Ingrid.

In: Kolner Zeitschrift fur Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Vol. 65, No. 1 SUPPL., 2013, p. 259-283.

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@article{b27b89b7e80b441b93cd9a2a236d7dc1,
title = "Modernization and the gender gap in religiosity: Evidence from cross-national European surveys",
abstract = "The tendency of women to be more religious than men has been widely observed. Many theories have been offered to account for this difference, with explanations ranging from the biological to the sociological; no consensus on the explanation has been reached. Using data from the European Social Survey, the European Values Study and the International Social Survey Programme, in conjunction with a new method for measuring the gender gap, we compare different countries, generations and periods in Europe to address three key questions: (1) How much do the differences between men and women depend on what indicator of religiosity (e.g. affiliation, attendance, prayer, belief) is being considered? (2) Is there an association at the national level between the size of the gender gap and the degree of secularization or gender equality? (3) Is there a convergence in the religiosity of men and women across generations or over time? There is some evidence for such a narrowing of the gap in Europe - most noticeably in southern and Eastern Europe - but substantial differences persist. Even in countries that are comparatively secular and where gender inequality has been much reduced, women are considerably more likely than men to identify with a religion, to call themselves religious, and to participate in public and private religious activities.",
keywords = "Europe, Gender, Modernization, Religion, Secularization",
author = "David Voas and Siobhan McAndrew and Ingrid Storm",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1007/s11577-013-0226-5",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "259--283",
journal = "Kolner Zeitschrift fur Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie",
issn = "0023-2653",
publisher = "Forschungsinstitut fur Soziologie",
number = "1 SUPPL.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modernization and the gender gap in religiosity

T2 - Evidence from cross-national European surveys

AU - Voas, David

AU - McAndrew, Siobhan

AU - Storm, Ingrid

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The tendency of women to be more religious than men has been widely observed. Many theories have been offered to account for this difference, with explanations ranging from the biological to the sociological; no consensus on the explanation has been reached. Using data from the European Social Survey, the European Values Study and the International Social Survey Programme, in conjunction with a new method for measuring the gender gap, we compare different countries, generations and periods in Europe to address three key questions: (1) How much do the differences between men and women depend on what indicator of religiosity (e.g. affiliation, attendance, prayer, belief) is being considered? (2) Is there an association at the national level between the size of the gender gap and the degree of secularization or gender equality? (3) Is there a convergence in the religiosity of men and women across generations or over time? There is some evidence for such a narrowing of the gap in Europe - most noticeably in southern and Eastern Europe - but substantial differences persist. Even in countries that are comparatively secular and where gender inequality has been much reduced, women are considerably more likely than men to identify with a religion, to call themselves religious, and to participate in public and private religious activities.

AB - The tendency of women to be more religious than men has been widely observed. Many theories have been offered to account for this difference, with explanations ranging from the biological to the sociological; no consensus on the explanation has been reached. Using data from the European Social Survey, the European Values Study and the International Social Survey Programme, in conjunction with a new method for measuring the gender gap, we compare different countries, generations and periods in Europe to address three key questions: (1) How much do the differences between men and women depend on what indicator of religiosity (e.g. affiliation, attendance, prayer, belief) is being considered? (2) Is there an association at the national level between the size of the gender gap and the degree of secularization or gender equality? (3) Is there a convergence in the religiosity of men and women across generations or over time? There is some evidence for such a narrowing of the gap in Europe - most noticeably in southern and Eastern Europe - but substantial differences persist. Even in countries that are comparatively secular and where gender inequality has been much reduced, women are considerably more likely than men to identify with a religion, to call themselves religious, and to participate in public and private religious activities.

KW - Europe

KW - Gender

KW - Modernization

KW - Religion

KW - Secularization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893370456&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11577-013-0226-5

DO - 10.1007/s11577-013-0226-5

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:84893370456

VL - 65

SP - 259

EP - 283

JO - Kolner Zeitschrift fur Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie

JF - Kolner Zeitschrift fur Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie

SN - 0023-2653

IS - 1 SUPPL.

ER -