Modelling the dispersion and transport of reactive pollutants in a deep urban street canyon: using large-eddy simulation

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Abstract

This study investigates the dispersion and transport of reactive pollutants in a deep urban street canyon with an aspect ratio of 2 under neutral meteorological conditions using large-eddy simulation. The spatial variation of pollutants is significant due to the existence of two unsteady vortices. The deviation of species abundance from chemical equilibrium for the upper vortex is greater than that for the lower vortex. The interplay of dynamics and chemistry is investigated using two metrics: the photostationary state defect, and the inferred ozone production rate. The latter is found to be negative at all locations within the canyon, pointing to a systematic negative offset to ozone production rates inferred by analogous approaches in environments with incomplete mixing of emissions. This study demonstrates an approach to quantify parameters for a simplified two-box model, which could support traffic management and urban planning strategies and personal exposure assessment.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume200
Issue number42-52
Early online date19 Feb 2015
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Keywords

  • Urban street canyon, Large-eddy simulation, Pollutant removal, Turbulence, Two-box model