Modelling segregation effects of heterogeneous emissions on ozone levels in idealised urban street canyons: Using photochemical box models

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Air quality models include representations of pollutant emissions, which necessarily entail spatial averaging to reflect the model grid size; such averaging may result in significant uncertainties and/or systematic biases in the model output. This study investigates such uncertainties, considering ozone concentrations in idealised street canyons within the urban canopy. A photochemical model with grid-averaged emissions of street canyons is compared with a multiple-box model considering each canyon independently. The results reveal that the averaged, ‘one-box’ model may significantly underestimate true (independent canyon mean) ozone concentrations for typical urban areas, and that the performance of the averaged model is improved for more ‘green’ and/or less trafficked areas. Our findings also suggest that the trends of 2005-2020 in emissions, in isolation, reduce the error inherent in the averaged-emissions treatment. These new findings may be used to evaluate uncertainties in modelled urban ozone concentrations when grid-averaged emissions are adopted.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-143
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume188
Early online date2 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Segregation Effects, urban street canyon, emission heterogeneity, photochemical box model, urban ozone concentrations

ASJC Scopus subject areas