Modelling chemistry in the nocturnal boundary layer above tropical rainforest and a generalised effective nocturnal ozone deposition velocity for sub-ppbv NOx conditions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • TAM Pugh
  • J Ryder
  • SJ Moller
  • JD Lee
  • C Helfter
  • E Nemitz
  • D Lowe
  • CN Hewitt

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Measurements of atmospheric composition have been made over a remote rainforest landscape. A box model has previously been demonstrated to model the observed daytime chemistry well. However the box model is unable to explain the nocturnal measurements of relatively high [NO] and [O3], but relatively low observed [NO2]. It is shown that a one-dimensional (1-D) column model with simple O3 -NOx chemistry and a simple representation of vertical transport is able to explain the observed nocturnal concentrations and predict the likely vertical profiles of these species in the nocturnal boundary layer (NBL). Concentrations of tracers carried over from the end of the night can affect the atmospheric chemistry of the following day. To ascertain the anomaly introduced by using the box model to represent the NBL, vertically-averaged NBL concentrations at the end of the night are compared between the 1-D model and the box model. It is found that, under low to medium [NOx] conditions (NOx 1 ppbv), the effect on the chemistry due to the vertical distribution of the species means no box model can adequately represent chemistry in the NBL without modifying reaction rate constants.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-110
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Atmospheric Chemistry
Volume65
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2010

Keywords

  • NOx, Box model, Nocturnal boundary-layer, Rainforest, Ozone