Minimally invasive vertical vs. conventional tooth extraction: an interrupted time series study

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Background
Minimally invasive vertical tooth extraction techniques have evolved in light of the limitations of conventional tooth extraction techniques and flap surgery in preserving the alveolar bone. The authors conducted a study to obtain data on the performance of a vertical extraction system. This included comparing the need for flap surgery using the vertical extraction system versus conventional tooth extraction techniques for the extraction of anterior teeth and premolars not suitable for forceps extraction.

Methods
The authors conducted a prospective observational clinical study of the vertical extraction system versus conventional tooth extraction techniques using an interrupted time series in line with the Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment, Long-term Follow-up collaboration framework for surgical innovation.

Results
Overall, 276 of 323 teeth (85.4%) in 240 patients were successfully extracted using the vertical extraction system. Of the 47 failures in the vertical tooth extraction cohort, 18 required flap surgery, resulting in an overall incidence of flap surgery of 5.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.2% to 8.7%). During the routine care period, of the 94 anterior teeth and premolars in 78 patients, 21 teeth could not be extracted using conventional techniques and required flap surgery, leading to an incidence of flap surgery of 22% (95% CI, 14% to 32%).

Conclusions
The results suggest that the vertical extraction system may be used with a high success rate for extraction of severely destroyed teeth, and its use may lead to a marked reduction in the need for flap surgery. Randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm the findings.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Dental Association
Early online date23 May 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 May 2018