Microtubular SOFC anode optimisation for direct use on methane

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The main problems of small-scale solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) devices are the rapid start-up, durability and operation on available fuels such as methane. This paper describes how microtubular anode-supported SOFCs can be started rapidly and run on methane. However, the key factor was the activity of the nickel anode, especially its surface area and conductivity, which were found to depend on the reduction method and the operating fuel. Controlled reduction experiments in hydrogen at temperatures between 650 and 850 degrees C were performed. Reduction temperature and gas composition were altered and the resultant electrical performance and exhaust gases recorded. The conclusion was that microtubular SOFC can be successfully run on methane to outperform pure hydrogen by up to 9%. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume181
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008

Keywords

  • methane, carbon deposition, low temperature reduction, carbon bridging, microtubular