Measuring and predicting individual differences in executive function at 14 months: a longitudinal study

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Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Cambridge
  • New York University


This study of 195 (108 boys) children seen twice during infancy (Time 1: 4.12 months; Time 2: 14.42 months) aimed to investigate the associations between and infant predictors of executive function (EF) at 14 months. Infants showed high levels of compliance with the EF tasks at 14 months. There was little evidence of cohesion among EF tasks but simple response inhibition was related to performance on two other EF tasks. Infant attention (but not parent-rated temperament) at 4 months predicted performance on two of the four EF tasks at 14 months. Results suggest that EF skills build on simpler component skills such as attention and response inhibition.

Bibliographic note

© 2019 The Authors Child Development published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society for Research in Child Development.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e618-e636
Number of pages19
JournalChild Development
Issue number5
Early online date21 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019