Maritime moving target localization using passive GNSS-based multistatic radar

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Maritime moving target localization using passive GNSS-based multistatic radar. / Ma, Hui; Antoniou, Michail; Stove, Andrew G.; Winkel, Jon; Cherniakov, Mikhail.

In: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 56, No. 8, 08.2018, p. 4808-4819.

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@article{9f0e30fdc4d0419c90f2687d8aedaebb,
title = "Maritime moving target localization using passive GNSS-based multistatic radar",
abstract = "This paper examines the potential in extracting the instantaneous location of maritime moving targets using a passive multistatic radar with Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) as illuminators of opportunity and a single receiver. This paper presents a theoretical framework for the localization of a moving target from a set of bistatic range measurements. The algorithm and its predicted accuracy are presented. The localization is achieved by what is essentially a multilateration technique, which can be applied while the transmitting platform is also in motion. The algorithms and the accuracy predictions, as a function of the number of transmitters, have been experimentally confirmed via a dedicated experimental campaign, where two different maritime targets were detected by up to 12 GNSS satellites belonging to different satellite constellations (GPS, GLONASS, and Galileo) simultaneously. To the best of the author's knowledge, these are the first results of their kind and on this scale not only for GNSS-based passive radar but also for multistatic radar in general.",
keywords = "Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)-based radar, multistatic radar, target localization",
author = "Hui Ma and Michail Antoniou and Stove, {Andrew G.} and Jon Winkel and Mikhail Cherniakov",
year = "2018",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1109/TGRS.2018.2838682",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "4808--4819",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing",
issn = "0196-2892",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maritime moving target localization using passive GNSS-based multistatic radar

AU - Ma, Hui

AU - Antoniou, Michail

AU - Stove, Andrew G.

AU - Winkel, Jon

AU - Cherniakov, Mikhail

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - This paper examines the potential in extracting the instantaneous location of maritime moving targets using a passive multistatic radar with Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) as illuminators of opportunity and a single receiver. This paper presents a theoretical framework for the localization of a moving target from a set of bistatic range measurements. The algorithm and its predicted accuracy are presented. The localization is achieved by what is essentially a multilateration technique, which can be applied while the transmitting platform is also in motion. The algorithms and the accuracy predictions, as a function of the number of transmitters, have been experimentally confirmed via a dedicated experimental campaign, where two different maritime targets were detected by up to 12 GNSS satellites belonging to different satellite constellations (GPS, GLONASS, and Galileo) simultaneously. To the best of the author's knowledge, these are the first results of their kind and on this scale not only for GNSS-based passive radar but also for multistatic radar in general.

AB - This paper examines the potential in extracting the instantaneous location of maritime moving targets using a passive multistatic radar with Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) as illuminators of opportunity and a single receiver. This paper presents a theoretical framework for the localization of a moving target from a set of bistatic range measurements. The algorithm and its predicted accuracy are presented. The localization is achieved by what is essentially a multilateration technique, which can be applied while the transmitting platform is also in motion. The algorithms and the accuracy predictions, as a function of the number of transmitters, have been experimentally confirmed via a dedicated experimental campaign, where two different maritime targets were detected by up to 12 GNSS satellites belonging to different satellite constellations (GPS, GLONASS, and Galileo) simultaneously. To the best of the author's knowledge, these are the first results of their kind and on this scale not only for GNSS-based passive radar but also for multistatic radar in general.

KW - Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)-based radar

KW - multistatic radar

KW - target localization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048891426&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TGRS.2018.2838682

DO - 10.1109/TGRS.2018.2838682

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85048891426

VL - 56

SP - 4808

EP - 4819

JO - IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

JF - IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

SN - 0196-2892

IS - 8

ER -