Mapping B1-induced eddy current effects near metallic structures in MR images: a comparison of simulation and experiment

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Mapping B1-induced eddy current effects near metallic structures in MR images : a comparison of simulation and experiment. / Vashaee, S.; Goora, F.; Britton, M. M.; Newling, B.; Balcom, B. J.

In: Journal of Magnetic Resonance, Vol. 250, 01.2015, p. 17-24.

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@article{dcb9146caaf34750a6acd5532d18f429,
title = "Mapping B1-induced eddy current effects near metallic structures in MR images: a comparison of simulation and experiment",
abstract = "Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the presence of metallic structures is very common in medical and non-medical fields. Metallic structures cause MRI image distortions by three mechanisms: (1) static field distortion through magnetic susceptibility mismatch, (2) eddy currents induced by switched magnetic field gradients and (3) radio frequency (RF) induced eddy currents. Single point ramped imaging with T1 enhancement (SPRITE) MRI measurements are largely immune to susceptibility and gradient induced eddy current artifacts. As a result, one can isolate the effects of metal objects on the RF field. The RF field affects both the excitation and detection of the magnetic resonance (MR) signal. This is challenging with conventional MRI methods, which cannot readily separate the three effects. RF induced MRI artifacts were investigated experimentally at 2.4 T by analyzing image distortions surrounding two geometrically identical metallic strips of aluminum and lead. The strips were immersed in agar gel doped with contrast agent and imaged employing the conical SPRITE sequence. B1 mapping with pure phase encode SPRITE was employed to measure the B1 field around the strips of metal. The strip geometry was chosen to mimic metal electrodes employed in electrochemistry studies. Simulations are employed to investigate the RF field induced eddy currents in the two metallic strips. The RF simulation results are in good agreement with experimental results. Experimental and simulation results show that the metal has a pronounced effect on the B1 distribution and B1 amplitude in the surrounding space. The electrical conductivity of the metal has a minimal effect.",
keywords = "B mapping, Metal artifacts, MRI, Pure phase encode, RF eddy current, SPRITE",
author = "S. Vashaee and F. Goora and Britton, {M. M.} and B. Newling and Balcom, {B. J.}",
year = "2015",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1016/j.jmr.2014.10.016",
language = "English",
volume = "250",
pages = "17--24",
journal = "Journal of Magnetic Resonance",
issn = "1090-7807",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mapping B1-induced eddy current effects near metallic structures in MR images

T2 - a comparison of simulation and experiment

AU - Vashaee, S.

AU - Goora, F.

AU - Britton, M. M.

AU - Newling, B.

AU - Balcom, B. J.

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the presence of metallic structures is very common in medical and non-medical fields. Metallic structures cause MRI image distortions by three mechanisms: (1) static field distortion through magnetic susceptibility mismatch, (2) eddy currents induced by switched magnetic field gradients and (3) radio frequency (RF) induced eddy currents. Single point ramped imaging with T1 enhancement (SPRITE) MRI measurements are largely immune to susceptibility and gradient induced eddy current artifacts. As a result, one can isolate the effects of metal objects on the RF field. The RF field affects both the excitation and detection of the magnetic resonance (MR) signal. This is challenging with conventional MRI methods, which cannot readily separate the three effects. RF induced MRI artifacts were investigated experimentally at 2.4 T by analyzing image distortions surrounding two geometrically identical metallic strips of aluminum and lead. The strips were immersed in agar gel doped with contrast agent and imaged employing the conical SPRITE sequence. B1 mapping with pure phase encode SPRITE was employed to measure the B1 field around the strips of metal. The strip geometry was chosen to mimic metal electrodes employed in electrochemistry studies. Simulations are employed to investigate the RF field induced eddy currents in the two metallic strips. The RF simulation results are in good agreement with experimental results. Experimental and simulation results show that the metal has a pronounced effect on the B1 distribution and B1 amplitude in the surrounding space. The electrical conductivity of the metal has a minimal effect.

AB - Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the presence of metallic structures is very common in medical and non-medical fields. Metallic structures cause MRI image distortions by three mechanisms: (1) static field distortion through magnetic susceptibility mismatch, (2) eddy currents induced by switched magnetic field gradients and (3) radio frequency (RF) induced eddy currents. Single point ramped imaging with T1 enhancement (SPRITE) MRI measurements are largely immune to susceptibility and gradient induced eddy current artifacts. As a result, one can isolate the effects of metal objects on the RF field. The RF field affects both the excitation and detection of the magnetic resonance (MR) signal. This is challenging with conventional MRI methods, which cannot readily separate the three effects. RF induced MRI artifacts were investigated experimentally at 2.4 T by analyzing image distortions surrounding two geometrically identical metallic strips of aluminum and lead. The strips were immersed in agar gel doped with contrast agent and imaged employing the conical SPRITE sequence. B1 mapping with pure phase encode SPRITE was employed to measure the B1 field around the strips of metal. The strip geometry was chosen to mimic metal electrodes employed in electrochemistry studies. Simulations are employed to investigate the RF field induced eddy currents in the two metallic strips. The RF simulation results are in good agreement with experimental results. Experimental and simulation results show that the metal has a pronounced effect on the B1 distribution and B1 amplitude in the surrounding space. The electrical conductivity of the metal has a minimal effect.

KW - B mapping

KW - Metal artifacts

KW - MRI

KW - Pure phase encode

KW - RF eddy current

KW - SPRITE

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84912557945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jmr.2014.10.016

DO - 10.1016/j.jmr.2014.10.016

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84912557945

VL - 250

SP - 17

EP - 24

JO - Journal of Magnetic Resonance

JF - Journal of Magnetic Resonance

SN - 1090-7807

ER -