Making markets for hydrogen vehicles: Lessons from LPG

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The adoption of liquefied petroleum gas vehicles is strongly linked to the break-even distance at which they have the same costs as conventional cars, with very limited market penetration at break-even distances above 40,000 km. Hydrogen vehicles are predicted to have costs by 2030 that should give them a break-even distance of less than this critical level. It will be necessary to ensure that there are sufficient refuelling stations for hydrogen to be a convenient choice for drivers. While additional LPG stations have led to increases in vehicle numbers, and increases in vehicles have been followed by greater numbers of refuelling stations, these effects are too small to give self-sustaining growth. Supportive policies for both vehicles and refuelling stations will be required. Copyright (C) 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6399-6406
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011


  • Autogas, Break-even distances, Hydrogen vehicles