Major component composition of PM₁₀ and PM₂.₅ from roadside and urban background sites

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@article{743dc52f497a4c3b845a6214b2845179,
title = "Major component composition of PM₁₀ and PM₂.₅ from roadside and urban background sites",
abstract = "Using dichotomous Partisol samplers, airborne particulate matter has been collected and analysed as PM2.5 and PM10. The instruments were deployed at four sets of paired roadside and urban background locations, three in London and one in Birmingham (UK) and the sampling protocols aimed to give equal weight to all seasons of the year. In addition to determination of sample mass, concentrations have been determined for major chemical components as follows: sulphate, nitrate, chloride, organic carbon, elemental carbon, iron and calcium. The measured concentrations have been converted to equivalent quantities of ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate (in PM2.5), sodium nitrate (in PM2.5-10), sodium chloride, elemental carbon, carbon compounds, gypsum and iron-rich dusts. The mass of strongly bound water has also been calculated following the mass closure methodology of Harrison et al. (Atmos. Environ. 37 (2003) 4927). Examination of the difference between roadside (mean 34.7 mug m(-3) PM10) and corresponding urban background (mean 23.2 mug m(-3) PM10) samples indicates average mass increments of 11.5 mug m(-3) of PM10 and 8.0 mug m(-3) of PM2.5 for the four site pairs, and that the roadside particle increment is comprised very largely of elemental carbon, organic compounds and iron-rich dusts. The major component composition lies somewhere between that reported as typical of the eastern and western US. A comparison with PM2.5 and PM15 sampled in Leeds (UK) in 1982 shows a decline in all major constituents except mineral dusts (PM2.5 only). In a comparison of data for days with PM10 above the EU 24-h Limit Value of 50 mug m(-3) with data from all days, the component showing the greatest ratio between high pollution days and all days is fine particle nitrate. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "urban background, particulate matter, PM10, PM2.5, roadside, chemical composition",
author = "Roy Harrison and Alan Jones and Royston Lawrence",
year = "2004",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.05.022",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "4531--4538",
journal = "Atmospheric Environment",
issn = "1352-2310",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Major component composition of PM₁₀ and PM₂.₅ from roadside and urban background sites

AU - Harrison, Roy

AU - Jones, Alan

AU - Lawrence, Royston

PY - 2004/1/1

Y1 - 2004/1/1

N2 - Using dichotomous Partisol samplers, airborne particulate matter has been collected and analysed as PM2.5 and PM10. The instruments were deployed at four sets of paired roadside and urban background locations, three in London and one in Birmingham (UK) and the sampling protocols aimed to give equal weight to all seasons of the year. In addition to determination of sample mass, concentrations have been determined for major chemical components as follows: sulphate, nitrate, chloride, organic carbon, elemental carbon, iron and calcium. The measured concentrations have been converted to equivalent quantities of ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate (in PM2.5), sodium nitrate (in PM2.5-10), sodium chloride, elemental carbon, carbon compounds, gypsum and iron-rich dusts. The mass of strongly bound water has also been calculated following the mass closure methodology of Harrison et al. (Atmos. Environ. 37 (2003) 4927). Examination of the difference between roadside (mean 34.7 mug m(-3) PM10) and corresponding urban background (mean 23.2 mug m(-3) PM10) samples indicates average mass increments of 11.5 mug m(-3) of PM10 and 8.0 mug m(-3) of PM2.5 for the four site pairs, and that the roadside particle increment is comprised very largely of elemental carbon, organic compounds and iron-rich dusts. The major component composition lies somewhere between that reported as typical of the eastern and western US. A comparison with PM2.5 and PM15 sampled in Leeds (UK) in 1982 shows a decline in all major constituents except mineral dusts (PM2.5 only). In a comparison of data for days with PM10 above the EU 24-h Limit Value of 50 mug m(-3) with data from all days, the component showing the greatest ratio between high pollution days and all days is fine particle nitrate. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Using dichotomous Partisol samplers, airborne particulate matter has been collected and analysed as PM2.5 and PM10. The instruments were deployed at four sets of paired roadside and urban background locations, three in London and one in Birmingham (UK) and the sampling protocols aimed to give equal weight to all seasons of the year. In addition to determination of sample mass, concentrations have been determined for major chemical components as follows: sulphate, nitrate, chloride, organic carbon, elemental carbon, iron and calcium. The measured concentrations have been converted to equivalent quantities of ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate (in PM2.5), sodium nitrate (in PM2.5-10), sodium chloride, elemental carbon, carbon compounds, gypsum and iron-rich dusts. The mass of strongly bound water has also been calculated following the mass closure methodology of Harrison et al. (Atmos. Environ. 37 (2003) 4927). Examination of the difference between roadside (mean 34.7 mug m(-3) PM10) and corresponding urban background (mean 23.2 mug m(-3) PM10) samples indicates average mass increments of 11.5 mug m(-3) of PM10 and 8.0 mug m(-3) of PM2.5 for the four site pairs, and that the roadside particle increment is comprised very largely of elemental carbon, organic compounds and iron-rich dusts. The major component composition lies somewhere between that reported as typical of the eastern and western US. A comparison with PM2.5 and PM15 sampled in Leeds (UK) in 1982 shows a decline in all major constituents except mineral dusts (PM2.5 only). In a comparison of data for days with PM10 above the EU 24-h Limit Value of 50 mug m(-3) with data from all days, the component showing the greatest ratio between high pollution days and all days is fine particle nitrate. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - urban background

KW - particulate matter

KW - PM10

KW - PM2.5

KW - roadside

KW - chemical composition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=3242700605&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.05.022

DO - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.05.022

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 4531

EP - 4538

JO - Atmospheric Environment

JF - Atmospheric Environment

SN - 1352-2310

ER -