LPS promote the odontoblastic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells via MAPK signaling pathway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Wenxi He
  • Zhihua Wang
  • Zhirong Luo
  • Qing Yu
  • Yong Jiang
  • Yaqing Zhang
  • Zeyuan Zhou
  • Anthony J Smith

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology, Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, P. R. China.

Abstract

Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) show significant potential for exploitation in novel regeneration strategies, although lack of understanding of their responses to bacterial challenge constrains their application. The present study aimed to investigate whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major pathogenic factor of Gram-negative bacteria, regulates the differentiation of hDPSCs and which intracellular signaling pathways may be involved. LPS treatment significantly promoted the differentiation of hDPSCs demonstrable by increased mineralized nodule formation and mRNA expression of several odontoblastic markers in a dose-dependent manner. While inhibition of TLR4, p38, and ERK signaling markedly antagonized LPS-mediated differentiation of hDPSCs. The inhibition of JNK and NF-κB signaling had no detectable effect on LPS activation of hDPSCs. LPS stimulation resulted in phosphorylation of NF-κB p65, IκB-α, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in DPSCs in a time-dependent manner, which was markedly suppressed by their specific inhibitors, respectively. Data demonstrated that LPS promoted odontoblastic differentiation of hDPSCs via TLR4, ERK, and P38 MAPK signaling pathways, but not NF-κB signaling.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-61
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume230
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Cell Differentiation, Dental Pulp, Humans, Lipopolysaccharides, MAP Kinase Signaling System, NF-kappa B, Odontoblasts, Stem Cells, Toll-Like Receptor 4, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't