Low-Temperature Oxy-Nitriding of AISI 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel for Combat Corrosion and Wear in HCl Medium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Longyi Li
  • Jun Wang
  • Jing Yan
  • Hongyuan Fan
  • Bo Zeng

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Sichuan University
  • PetroChina Southwest Oil and Gas Field Company


Time-dependent experiments were carried out to study the corrosion behavior of AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel before and after low-temperature oxy-nitriding in HCl solution. The weight loss of the untreated sample was higher than that of the nitrided sample after HCl corrosion. When immersed for a short time, the nitrided sample remained relatively intact, while when immersed for a long time, the nitrogen-rich layer was damaged. XPS analysis showed that the passive film of the low-temperature oxy-nitrided sample was complete. The structure of passive film on the LTON sample was characterized by Mott–Schottky test, and the effect of nitrogen on the corrosion resistance of the material was discussed. The wear test results show that the oxy-nitrided samples after HCl immersion corrosion still maintained high wear resistance.

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: The authors are very grateful to the Grants provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51471112 and 51611130204), Science and Technology Planning Project of Sichuan (No. 2016GZ0173), and the Newton Mobility Grant from Royal Society, UK (IE151027). Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Publisher Copyright: © 2019, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International. Copyright: Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-435
Number of pages17
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020