Low grade heat driven adsorption system for cooling and power generation with small-scale radial inflow turbine

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Low grade heat driven adsorption system for cooling and power generation with small-scale radial inflow turbine. / Al-Mousawi, Fadhel Noraldeen; Al-Dadah, Raya; Mahmoud, Saad.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 183, 01.12.2016, p. 1302-1316.

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@article{154a987378714895ad7934069ec9ab65,
title = "Low grade heat driven adsorption system for cooling and power generation with small-scale radial inflow turbine",
abstract = "Adsorption system is a promising technology that can exploit the abundant low grade heat sources (∼150 °C) from renewables like solar, geothermal and industrial waste heat leading to reduction of fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. In this work, the effect of using advanced adsorbent materials like AQSOA-Z02 zeolite (SAPO-34) and Metal Organic Framework (MOF) like MIL101Cr and Aluminium fumarate on power and cooling performance compared to that of commonly used silica-gel was investigated using water as refrigerant. A mathematical model for a two bed adsorption cooling cycle has been developed with the cycle modified to produce power by incorporating an expander between the desorber and the condenser. Results showed that it is possible to produce power and cooling simultaneously without affecting the cooling output. Results also showed that for the four pairs used as the heat source temperature increases, the cooling capacity and power generated increase. As the condenser cooling temperature increases, the cooling effect and power output will decrease while for the chilled water temperature, the cooling capacity and power generated increased as the chilled temperature increased. Also, it is shown that SAPO-34 achieved the maximum average specific power generation (SP) and specific cooling power (SCP) of 67 W/kgads and 622 W/kgads respectively. A detailed CFD modelling has shown that a small-scale steam radial inflow turbine with mass flow rate of 0.0046 kg/s generated using 8.55 kg/bed of SAPO-34 adsorbent with heat source temperature of 160 °C can achieve efficiency of 82% and power output of 785 W.",
keywords = "Adsorption system, Aluminium fumarate, AQSOA-Z02 (SAPO-34), Cooling and power, MIL101Cr, Radial inflow turbine",
author = "Al-Mousawi, {Fadhel Noraldeen} and Raya Al-Dadah and Saad Mahmoud",
year = "2016",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.09.061",
language = "English",
volume = "183",
pages = "1302--1316",
journal = "Applied Energy",
issn = "0306-2619",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low grade heat driven adsorption system for cooling and power generation with small-scale radial inflow turbine

AU - Al-Mousawi, Fadhel Noraldeen

AU - Al-Dadah, Raya

AU - Mahmoud, Saad

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Adsorption system is a promising technology that can exploit the abundant low grade heat sources (∼150 °C) from renewables like solar, geothermal and industrial waste heat leading to reduction of fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. In this work, the effect of using advanced adsorbent materials like AQSOA-Z02 zeolite (SAPO-34) and Metal Organic Framework (MOF) like MIL101Cr and Aluminium fumarate on power and cooling performance compared to that of commonly used silica-gel was investigated using water as refrigerant. A mathematical model for a two bed adsorption cooling cycle has been developed with the cycle modified to produce power by incorporating an expander between the desorber and the condenser. Results showed that it is possible to produce power and cooling simultaneously without affecting the cooling output. Results also showed that for the four pairs used as the heat source temperature increases, the cooling capacity and power generated increase. As the condenser cooling temperature increases, the cooling effect and power output will decrease while for the chilled water temperature, the cooling capacity and power generated increased as the chilled temperature increased. Also, it is shown that SAPO-34 achieved the maximum average specific power generation (SP) and specific cooling power (SCP) of 67 W/kgads and 622 W/kgads respectively. A detailed CFD modelling has shown that a small-scale steam radial inflow turbine with mass flow rate of 0.0046 kg/s generated using 8.55 kg/bed of SAPO-34 adsorbent with heat source temperature of 160 °C can achieve efficiency of 82% and power output of 785 W.

AB - Adsorption system is a promising technology that can exploit the abundant low grade heat sources (∼150 °C) from renewables like solar, geothermal and industrial waste heat leading to reduction of fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. In this work, the effect of using advanced adsorbent materials like AQSOA-Z02 zeolite (SAPO-34) and Metal Organic Framework (MOF) like MIL101Cr and Aluminium fumarate on power and cooling performance compared to that of commonly used silica-gel was investigated using water as refrigerant. A mathematical model for a two bed adsorption cooling cycle has been developed with the cycle modified to produce power by incorporating an expander between the desorber and the condenser. Results showed that it is possible to produce power and cooling simultaneously without affecting the cooling output. Results also showed that for the four pairs used as the heat source temperature increases, the cooling capacity and power generated increase. As the condenser cooling temperature increases, the cooling effect and power output will decrease while for the chilled water temperature, the cooling capacity and power generated increased as the chilled temperature increased. Also, it is shown that SAPO-34 achieved the maximum average specific power generation (SP) and specific cooling power (SCP) of 67 W/kgads and 622 W/kgads respectively. A detailed CFD modelling has shown that a small-scale steam radial inflow turbine with mass flow rate of 0.0046 kg/s generated using 8.55 kg/bed of SAPO-34 adsorbent with heat source temperature of 160 °C can achieve efficiency of 82% and power output of 785 W.

KW - Adsorption system

KW - Aluminium fumarate

KW - AQSOA-Z02 (SAPO-34)

KW - Cooling and power

KW - MIL101Cr

KW - Radial inflow turbine

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84991782500&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.09.061

DO - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.09.061

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84991782500

VL - 183

SP - 1302

EP - 1316

JO - Applied Energy

JF - Applied Energy

SN - 0306-2619

ER -