Loudness trumps pitch in politeness judgments: evidence from Korean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Loudness trumps pitch in politeness judgments : evidence from Korean. / Idemaru, Kaori; Winter, Bodo; Brown, Lucien; Oh, Grace Eunhae.

In: Language and Speech, Vol. 63, No. 1, 01.03.2020, p. 123–148.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Idemaru, Kaori ; Winter, Bodo ; Brown, Lucien ; Oh, Grace Eunhae. / Loudness trumps pitch in politeness judgments : evidence from Korean. In: Language and Speech. 2020 ; Vol. 63, No. 1. pp. 123–148.

Bibtex

@article{8b2de09f1d854aab8481a05cbe81ab33,
title = "Loudness trumps pitch in politeness judgments: evidence from Korean",
abstract = "Social meaning is not only conveyed through words, but also through how words are produced. This paper investigates the relative importance of loudness and pitch in determining the perception of a politeness-related judgment in Korean: the distinction between deferential and intimate stances. It has been proposed that high pitch is universally associated with polite or deferential social meanings. In contrast to this, Experiment 1 examined the perceptual effect of pitch and found no effect. Experiment 2 tested the effect of loudness, and found that listeners associate quieter speech with deference. Finally, Experiment 3 investigated the simultaneous effects of loudness and pitch, and found again that loudness had a consistent effect, whereas pitch only had a weak effect. Meta-analyses across the three experiments suggest that whereas loudness is interpreted uniformly across listeners, pitch has more variegated social meanings, with some listeners associating high pitch with deferential stance, and others associating low pitch with deferential speech. These findings shed light on how different acoustic properties contribute to the indexing of social stances, and they suggest that the role of pitch in conveying social stances has been overstated in past research.",
keywords = "politeness, phonetics, speech, loudness, pitch, prosody, intonation",
author = "Kaori Idemaru and Bodo Winter and Lucien Brown and Oh, {Grace Eunhae}",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0023830918824344",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "123–148",
journal = "Language and Speech",
issn = "0023-8309",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Loudness trumps pitch in politeness judgments

T2 - evidence from Korean

AU - Idemaru, Kaori

AU - Winter, Bodo

AU - Brown, Lucien

AU - Oh, Grace Eunhae

PY - 2020/3/1

Y1 - 2020/3/1

N2 - Social meaning is not only conveyed through words, but also through how words are produced. This paper investigates the relative importance of loudness and pitch in determining the perception of a politeness-related judgment in Korean: the distinction between deferential and intimate stances. It has been proposed that high pitch is universally associated with polite or deferential social meanings. In contrast to this, Experiment 1 examined the perceptual effect of pitch and found no effect. Experiment 2 tested the effect of loudness, and found that listeners associate quieter speech with deference. Finally, Experiment 3 investigated the simultaneous effects of loudness and pitch, and found again that loudness had a consistent effect, whereas pitch only had a weak effect. Meta-analyses across the three experiments suggest that whereas loudness is interpreted uniformly across listeners, pitch has more variegated social meanings, with some listeners associating high pitch with deferential stance, and others associating low pitch with deferential speech. These findings shed light on how different acoustic properties contribute to the indexing of social stances, and they suggest that the role of pitch in conveying social stances has been overstated in past research.

AB - Social meaning is not only conveyed through words, but also through how words are produced. This paper investigates the relative importance of loudness and pitch in determining the perception of a politeness-related judgment in Korean: the distinction between deferential and intimate stances. It has been proposed that high pitch is universally associated with polite or deferential social meanings. In contrast to this, Experiment 1 examined the perceptual effect of pitch and found no effect. Experiment 2 tested the effect of loudness, and found that listeners associate quieter speech with deference. Finally, Experiment 3 investigated the simultaneous effects of loudness and pitch, and found again that loudness had a consistent effect, whereas pitch only had a weak effect. Meta-analyses across the three experiments suggest that whereas loudness is interpreted uniformly across listeners, pitch has more variegated social meanings, with some listeners associating high pitch with deferential stance, and others associating low pitch with deferential speech. These findings shed light on how different acoustic properties contribute to the indexing of social stances, and they suggest that the role of pitch in conveying social stances has been overstated in past research.

KW - politeness

KW - phonetics

KW - speech

KW - loudness

KW - pitch

KW - prosody

KW - intonation

U2 - 10.1177/0023830918824344

DO - 10.1177/0023830918824344

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 123

EP - 148

JO - Language and Speech

JF - Language and Speech

SN - 0023-8309

IS - 1

ER -