Looking for Intoolligence: A Unified Framework for the Cognitive Study of Human Tool Use and Technology

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Looking for Intoolligence: A Unified Framework for the Cognitive Study of Human Tool Use and Technology. / Osiurak, Francois; Heinke, Dietmar.

In: American Psychologist, Vol. 73, No. 2, 01.10.2018, p. 169-185.

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@article{2cc143157867419497fcef8e80aa5252,
title = "Looking for Intoolligence: A Unified Framework for the Cognitive Study of Human Tool Use and Technology",
abstract = "Humans have considerably modified their environment by making and building a number of tools, technologies, and constructions. This unique ability compared to other animals is the focus of researchers in different fields of psychology. However, there is confusion about the definitions proposed, generating difficulties in making connections between those different fields. This article presents the first unified framework (i.e., intoolligence) aiming to overcome these issues by focusing on the cognitive processes involved in the different forms taken by human tool use and technology, rather than on the overt behavior. To lay the foundation for intoolligence, we first address a series of epistemological misconceptions, which are the root cause for the current confusion. Particularly, we discuss the limitations of the widespread idea that tool use relies on specific cognitive skills, centered on the manipulative aspect of tool use. We develop, based on this analysis, details concerning our framework, which is based on the key principle that making and using are 2 independent cognitive steps. This distinction allows us to redefine tool use by breaking it down into 3 modes: assistive tool use, arbitrary tool use, and free tool use. This article opens a new chapter on the topic of human tool use and technology. ",
author = "Francois Osiurak and Dietmar Heinke",
year = "2018",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/amp0000162",
language = "English",
volume = "73",
pages = "169--185",
journal = "American Psychologist",
issn = "0003-066X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Looking for Intoolligence: A Unified Framework for the Cognitive Study of Human Tool Use and Technology

AU - Osiurak, Francois

AU - Heinke, Dietmar

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Humans have considerably modified their environment by making and building a number of tools, technologies, and constructions. This unique ability compared to other animals is the focus of researchers in different fields of psychology. However, there is confusion about the definitions proposed, generating difficulties in making connections between those different fields. This article presents the first unified framework (i.e., intoolligence) aiming to overcome these issues by focusing on the cognitive processes involved in the different forms taken by human tool use and technology, rather than on the overt behavior. To lay the foundation for intoolligence, we first address a series of epistemological misconceptions, which are the root cause for the current confusion. Particularly, we discuss the limitations of the widespread idea that tool use relies on specific cognitive skills, centered on the manipulative aspect of tool use. We develop, based on this analysis, details concerning our framework, which is based on the key principle that making and using are 2 independent cognitive steps. This distinction allows us to redefine tool use by breaking it down into 3 modes: assistive tool use, arbitrary tool use, and free tool use. This article opens a new chapter on the topic of human tool use and technology.

AB - Humans have considerably modified their environment by making and building a number of tools, technologies, and constructions. This unique ability compared to other animals is the focus of researchers in different fields of psychology. However, there is confusion about the definitions proposed, generating difficulties in making connections between those different fields. This article presents the first unified framework (i.e., intoolligence) aiming to overcome these issues by focusing on the cognitive processes involved in the different forms taken by human tool use and technology, rather than on the overt behavior. To lay the foundation for intoolligence, we first address a series of epistemological misconceptions, which are the root cause for the current confusion. Particularly, we discuss the limitations of the widespread idea that tool use relies on specific cognitive skills, centered on the manipulative aspect of tool use. We develop, based on this analysis, details concerning our framework, which is based on the key principle that making and using are 2 independent cognitive steps. This distinction allows us to redefine tool use by breaking it down into 3 modes: assistive tool use, arbitrary tool use, and free tool use. This article opens a new chapter on the topic of human tool use and technology.

U2 - 10.1037/amp0000162

DO - 10.1037/amp0000162

M3 - Article

VL - 73

SP - 169

EP - 185

JO - American Psychologist

JF - American Psychologist

SN - 0003-066X

IS - 2

ER -