Local gas and liquid phase velocity measurement in a miniature stirred vessel using PIV combined with a new image processing algorithm

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Colleges, School and Institutes


A method which combines standard two-dimensional particle image velocimetry (PIV) with a new image processing algorithm has been developed to measure the average local gas bubble velocities, as well as the local velocities of the liquid phase, within small stirred vessel reactors. The technique was applied to measurements in a gas-liquid high throughput experimentation (HTE) vessel of 45 mm diameter, but it is equally suited to measurements in larger scale reactors. For the measurement of liquid velocities, 3 mu m latex seeding particles were used. For gas velocity measurements, a separate experiment was conducted which involved doping the liquid phase with fluorescent Rhodamine dye to allow the gas-liquid interfaces to be identified. The analysis of raw PIV images enabled the detection of bubbles within the laser plane, their differentiation from obscuring bubbles in front of the laser plane, and their use in lieu of tracer particles for gas velocity analysis using cross-correlation methods. The accuracy of the technique was verified by measuring the velocity of a bubble rising in a vertical glass column. The new method enabled detailed velocity fields of both phases to be obtained in an air-water system. The overall flow patterns obtained showed a good qualitative agreement with previous work in large scale vessels. The downward liquid velocities above the impeller were greatly reduced by the addition of the gas, and significant differences between the flow patterns of the two-phases were observed. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-753
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009


  • Stirred vessel, High throughput experimentation reactors, Gas-liquid mixing, Particle image velocimetry