Living in a ‘fat swamp’: exposure to multiple sources of accessible, cheap, energy-dense fast foods in a deprived community

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Living in a ‘fat swamp’: exposure to multiple sources of accessible, cheap, energy-dense fast foods in a deprived community. / Saunders, Patrick; Saunders, Annie; Middleton, J.

In: The British journal of nutrition, Vol. 113, No. 11, 01.06.2015, p. 1828-1834.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{7265c9d8c43b48ca9e01c19eb50ee7bb,
title = "Living in a {\textquoteleft}fat swamp{\textquoteright}: exposure to multiple sources of accessible, cheap, energy-dense fast foods in a deprived community",
abstract = "This study assesses the levels of fats, including trans-fatty acids, and salt in common takeaway fast foods in a deprived urban municipality in the West Midlands, England, and implications in the context of the spatial distribution of fast food takeaways. The results of the compositional analysis of over 250 take-out foods were compared with established and derived standards. About 70 % of products exceeded the recommendation that a meal should contain less than 30 % of a Guideline Daily Amount (GDA). More than half of them exceeded 50 % GDA for at least one metric, including 81 % of all analyses for SFA. And 17 % of samples exceeded the GDA for SFA, including each of two meals that contained about twice the GDA. Over 30 % samples exceeded the children's GDA for total fat or SFA. 27 % of salt analyses exceeded the GDA. People in Sandwell are exposed to large portion sizes and high levels of fats and salt in takeaway foods, with levels in some foods having increased since 2010. Given this population's limited options to break out of a highly compromising environment of living simultaneously in a {\textquoteleft}swamp{\textquoteright} of unhealthy, readily accessible and cheap takeaways, and a {\textquoteleft}desert{\textquoteright} of healthy options, an immediate and innovative package of interventions is required.",
author = "Patrick Saunders and Annie Saunders and J Middleton",
year = "2015",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S0007114515001063",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
pages = "1828--1834",
journal = "The British journal of nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Living in a ‘fat swamp’: exposure to multiple sources of accessible, cheap, energy-dense fast foods in a deprived community

AU - Saunders, Patrick

AU - Saunders, Annie

AU - Middleton, J

PY - 2015/6/1

Y1 - 2015/6/1

N2 - This study assesses the levels of fats, including trans-fatty acids, and salt in common takeaway fast foods in a deprived urban municipality in the West Midlands, England, and implications in the context of the spatial distribution of fast food takeaways. The results of the compositional analysis of over 250 take-out foods were compared with established and derived standards. About 70 % of products exceeded the recommendation that a meal should contain less than 30 % of a Guideline Daily Amount (GDA). More than half of them exceeded 50 % GDA for at least one metric, including 81 % of all analyses for SFA. And 17 % of samples exceeded the GDA for SFA, including each of two meals that contained about twice the GDA. Over 30 % samples exceeded the children's GDA for total fat or SFA. 27 % of salt analyses exceeded the GDA. People in Sandwell are exposed to large portion sizes and high levels of fats and salt in takeaway foods, with levels in some foods having increased since 2010. Given this population's limited options to break out of a highly compromising environment of living simultaneously in a ‘swamp’ of unhealthy, readily accessible and cheap takeaways, and a ‘desert’ of healthy options, an immediate and innovative package of interventions is required.

AB - This study assesses the levels of fats, including trans-fatty acids, and salt in common takeaway fast foods in a deprived urban municipality in the West Midlands, England, and implications in the context of the spatial distribution of fast food takeaways. The results of the compositional analysis of over 250 take-out foods were compared with established and derived standards. About 70 % of products exceeded the recommendation that a meal should contain less than 30 % of a Guideline Daily Amount (GDA). More than half of them exceeded 50 % GDA for at least one metric, including 81 % of all analyses for SFA. And 17 % of samples exceeded the GDA for SFA, including each of two meals that contained about twice the GDA. Over 30 % samples exceeded the children's GDA for total fat or SFA. 27 % of salt analyses exceeded the GDA. People in Sandwell are exposed to large portion sizes and high levels of fats and salt in takeaway foods, with levels in some foods having increased since 2010. Given this population's limited options to break out of a highly compromising environment of living simultaneously in a ‘swamp’ of unhealthy, readily accessible and cheap takeaways, and a ‘desert’ of healthy options, an immediate and innovative package of interventions is required.

U2 - 10.1017/S0007114515001063

DO - 10.1017/S0007114515001063

M3 - Article

VL - 113

SP - 1828

EP - 1834

JO - The British journal of nutrition

JF - The British journal of nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 11

ER -