Linking Merger and Acquisition Strategies to Postmerger Integration: a configurational perspective of human resource management

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The extant literature tends to frame M&As and post-merger integration (PMI) as strategies and outcomes, but this framing often leaves their underlying processes underexplored. We address this gap by redirecting attention to the view that M&As are largely embedded in social and human practices. Our conceptual study identifies three generic M&A strategies—annex & assimilate, harvest & protect, and link & promote—and matches them with three well-known PMI outcomes (i.e., absorption, preservation, and symbiosis, respectively). Using a configurational perspective and drawing upon the ability-motivation-opportunity (AMO) model, we develop a conceptual framework that reveals why and how AMO-enhancing human resource management (HRM) practices can link M&A strategies and PMI outcomes. Finally, we elaborate on the theoretical and practical contributions and chart a course for future inquiry and research applications for the M&A-HRM-PMI triad and its processes.


Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Management
Early online date10 Feb 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Feb 2016


  • Merger and acquisition, post-merger integration, strategic human resource management, M&A-PMI relations