Lift-off and stabilization of n-heptane combustion in a diesel engine with a multiple-nozzle injection

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  • Lunds Universitet


This paper presents a joint numerical and experimental investigation of flame lift-off and stabilization mechanisms in heavy-duty diesel engines. The injection strategy, employing different nozzle configurations, allows for quantification of the impact of varying inter-jet angle spacing in the presence of swirl. For this purpose, three different inter-jet angles are chosen in this study; 45°, 90°and 135°. Large-eddy simulations are performed utilizing a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for n-heptane to resolve the turbulent fuel and air mixing and to capture the important species surrounding the ignition and flame-fronts to describe the flame stabilization process. Measurements are carried out for OH chemiluminescence to identify the flame lift-off position in an optical accessible engine. In general, the swirl flow in the ambient air shows a great impact on the lift-off, with a 15% difference in the lift-off lengths on the upwind and downwind side of the jet. The LES results show that important ignition reactions undergo in a broad region in front of the lift-off position. With decreasing inter-jet angle, it is shown that the impact of transportation of hot products from adjacent jets becomes more prominent. Hot reservoirs surrounding the lift-off length increase the local ambient temperature and augment the auto-ignition process by mixing of the cold injected fuel and hot air.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3031-3038
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2013


  • Auto-ignition, Flame propagation, Flame stabilization mechanism, Jet-jet interaction, Optical engine